The term "Gullah" or "Geechee" describes a unique group of African Americans descended from enslaved Africans who settled along the Atlantic coast, often on sea islands, between what is now Wilmington, NC to Jacksonville, FL. Gullah is a broad living culture embracing the political, social, economic, linguistic, and artistic life of native African-American Sea Islanders. … Continue reading Gullah Culture: A Preliminary List of Links and Resources
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Compiled by Grace Morris Cordial, MLS, SL, CA, Beaufort District Collection Manager, Beaufort County Library. The Beaufort District Collection is the special local history collection and archives unit of the Beaufort County Library (SC). Rice... It has been labeled the "food of the world" because nearly 2/3 of the world's population considers it an essential … Continue reading Rice Culture in the Carolina Lowcountry: A Selective List of Materials and Links
Local historians and genealogists always ask about cemeteries. Unfortunately, there has not been a systematic inventory of all the cemeteries in Beaufort District nor is there a listing of the names of all the interred. Nevertheless, the Beaufort District Collection has some materials and recommends the following links to help you uncover more information regarding cemeteries in Beaufort, Jasper, Hampton and Colleton counties, South Carolina.
The Beaufort District Collection, the special local history collection and archives of the Beaufort County Library, SC, recommends these materials and links about the history of phosphate mining in South Carolina and its long-term impact on the course of Southern industry after the Civil War. This list of selected materials and links was compiled by … Continue reading Phosphate Industry in Beaufort County, 1867 – 2005 : List of Materials & Links
Mitchelville, an historic site on Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina, is considered by many to be the first post-Civil War settlement for freed slaves with a government structure led by and administered by former slaves. The settlement was built under orders issued by Major General Ormsby Mitchel in 1862. It lasted almost … Continue reading Mitchelville: The First Freedman’s Village, A List of Materials & Links
Compiled by Grace Morris Cordial, MLS, SL, CA, Historical Resources Coordinator, Beaufort County Library. (Originally posted: 31 October 2012; Latest update: 16 July 2015.) The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and share a research collection of permanent value about the history, Gullah culture, natural history, archaeology and genealogy of … Continue reading Storm of 1893 Death List
Beaufort's native son, Robert Smalls, was born into slavery in 1839. On the night of May 12,1862, he made a daring dash across Charleston Harbor piloting The Planter, a steamship contracted to the Confederate government. He surrendered it to Union forces thereby becoming the first African-American hero of the Civil War. When peace returned, he came home to Beaufort County, SC, embracing the rough-and-tumble daily life of the Reconstruction era. He actively participated in politics at local, state, and federal levels until the end of his life. Some called him the "King of Beaufort."