Born in Beaufort, Robert Woodward Barnwell was the son of Robert Barnwell. Educated at the Beaufort College and with highest honors at Harvard, Barnwell served as United States Representative from 1829-1833.
Tag: Reconstruction era
As Dr. J. Brent Morris wrote on the America's Reconstruction | The Untold Story website: "The Reconstruction Era was literally a period of rebuilding ... The ending of slavery not only brought freedom to African Americans but also inaugurated a complex reshaping of fundamental American institutions including the lawmaking process, family structure, church organization, and … Continue reading Reconstruction Period in Beaufort, South Carolina, 1862 – 1915
The Beaufort District Collection, the special local history collection and archives of the Beaufort County Library, SC, recommends these materials and links about the history of phosphate mining in South Carolina and its long-term impact on the course of Southern industry after the Civil War. This list of selected materials and links was compiled by … Continue reading Phosphate Industry in Beaufort County, 1867 – 2005 : List of Materials & Links
Mitchelville, an historic site on Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina, is considered by many to be the first post-Civil War settlement for freed slaves with a government structure led by and administered by former slaves. The settlement was built under orders issued by Major General Ormsby Mitchel in 1862. It lasted almost … Continue reading Mitchelville: The First Freedman’s Village, A List of Materials & Links
Compiled by Grace Morris Cordial, MLS, SL, CA, Historical Resources Coordinator, Beaufort County Library. (Originally posted: 31 October 2012; Latest update: 16 July 2015.) The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and share a research collection of permanent value about the history, Gullah culture, natural history, archaeology and genealogy of … Continue reading Storm of 1893 Death List
Beaufort's native son, Robert Smalls, was born into slavery in 1839. On the night of May 12,1862, he made a daring dash across Charleston Harbor piloting The Planter, a steamship contracted to the Confederate government. He surrendered it to Union forces thereby becoming the first African-American hero of the Civil War. When peace returned, he came home to Beaufort County, SC, embracing the rough-and-tumble daily life of the Reconstruction era. He actively participated in politics at local, state, and federal levels until the end of his life. Some called him the "King of Beaufort."
(Bay Street, after the hurricane of 1893; Courtesy of Beaufort County Library) The Hurricane of 1893 was the most devastating natural disaster to ever befall Beaufort District, SC. This list of selective materials and links was compiled by Grace Morris Cordial, MLS, SL, CA, Beaufort District Collection Manager. The Beaufort District Collection is the … Continue reading The Sea Island Hurricane of 1893: A List of Links and Materials
Approximately 200,000 men of color would serve in the Union Army or Union Navy during the Civil War. Some of the men were free black men from Northern states; some were former enslaved men from the states which seceded from the United States of America. Because the area around Port Royal and St. Helena Sounds was occupied by the Federal government so early in the Civil War, three of the four regiments of USCT soldiers raised in South Carolina were organized here. Latest revision: 14 June 2017.
The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of our area. Charlotte Forten (later Grimke) was a Northern teacher to the former enslaved people of Beaufort District during the Port Royal Experiment. Latest Revision 9 February 2012
The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of our area. Here are some suggestions to help you understand the work of educator and missionary Rachel C. Mather. Her Mather School for Girls educated black female students from 1868 until 1968. The Technical College of the Lowcountry has occupied the site since 1968. Latest update: July 26, 2011