Accession #: 2017.020 R.L. Johnson Medical Journal, [page 8]Beaufort District Collection Biographical Note: Richard Love Johnson (1841-1913) was born on January 8, 1841 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama to Rev. William Johnson an Episcopalian Minister originally from South Carolina and Flora Lee Love of Virginia. He married Isabella Mackay around 1864. Five of their children would survive … Continue reading R. L. Johnson Medical Record Book, 1863–1864, 1867-1883 Finding Aid
Category: Military History
Please note: Since Amanda Forbes came on staff in late June 2017, she has concentrated on organizing the archives portion of the Beaufort District Collection. She finished an inventory begun by Ashley Sylva and has begun compiling Finding Aids to our holdings. We will place the Finding Aids in this blog as they are completed. … Continue reading L.A. Hall Civil War Stereoscope Collection Finding Aid
The Beaufort Fire of January 19, 1907 was the most disastrous fire to date. When the embers cooled 40 structures were damaged or gone. The newspaper article transcriptions below are from a web page written by Dennis Adams (Information Services Coordinator, Retired) for the old Beaufort County Library website at various points between 1998 and … Continue reading Beaufort Gazette coverage, January 24, 1907: Beaufort Fire, Mass Meeting
For a group that only lived here for about 35 years, the Yamasee played a critical role in the most important colonial war that few remember.
The importance of the investment that the US Navy made in Beaufort County at the end of the 19th century and into the 20th century is a key point in volume 3, Bridging the Sea Islands's Past and Present, by Lawrence Rowland and Stephen Wise, University of South Carolina Press, 2015. In the words of … Continue reading Ribbon Creek Incident, 8 April 1956: A List of Links and Materials
Beaufort County South Carolina has a lot of ghost stories, some of which we've retold for this blog. Identifying the spirit can be problematic. For example, some people think that Private Frank Quigley (U.S. Army) is the possible ghost out near Fort Fremont on Land's End. Our obituary files tell us more about him and … Continue reading Obituary Files in the Beaufort District Collection
Harriet Tubman, 1821 - 1913, sought first her own freedom and then facilitated the freedom of others through the Underground Railroad. She came to Beaufort District, South Carolina during the Civil War as a scout, nurse and spy helping bring freedom to hundreds of enslaved African Americans living along the Combahee River in June 1863. This list of links and materials will help you learn more about this American heroine.
Beaufort's native son, Robert Smalls, was born into slavery in 1839. On the night of May 12,1862, he made a daring dash across Charleston Harbor piloting The Planter, a steamship contracted to the Confederate government. He surrendered it to Union forces thereby becoming the first African-American hero of the Civil War. When peace returned, he came home to Beaufort County, SC, embracing the rough-and-tumble daily life of the Reconstruction era. He actively participated in politics at local, state, and federal levels until the end of his life. Some called him the "King of Beaufort."
Approximately 200,000 men of color would serve in the Union Army or Union Navy during the Civil War. Some of the men were free black men from Northern states; some were former enslaved men from the states which seceded from the United States of America. Because the area around Port Royal and St. Helena Sounds was occupied by the Federal government so early in the Civil War, three of the four regiments of USCT soldiers raised in South Carolina were organized here.
Latest revision: 14 June 2017.
The Battle of Port Royal Sound was one of the earliest naval operations of the Civil War. On November 7, 1861, a massive U. S. Naval fleet and U. S. Army expeditionary force sailed into Port Royal Sound and captured Fort Walker on Hilton Head and Fort Beauregard on Bay Point/St. Helena Island, SC. Beaufort became the first southern town to fall into Union hands. The Federal occupation changed the course of Beaufort District history thenceforth.