The mid-19th century is considered to be the formative years of what we now know as modern medicine. Scientific medicine was on the rise yet in the rural South, where most communities did not have a doctor on-hand, it was still necessary to have an understanding of treatments that could be found using plants and … Continue reading Mid-19th Century Medicine: A Selective List of Links and Materials
Category: Issues and Themes
Local historian Gerhard Spieler wrote a weekly newspaper column in the Beaufort Gazette for many years. On August 12, 1997, he wrote "Railroads Once Were Vital to Beaufort's Economy" which is extensively quoted in Connections on 10 December 2017. Please read that blog post to get an overview of the history of railroading in Beaufort … Continue reading All Aboard! Railroads in Beaufort District and beyond…
Most pirates began their raiding careers as legal war-time privateers of European monarchs. Some of these swashbucklers later took advantage of periods of political unrest and military threats to enrich themselves from raids on settlements or coastal vessels. The many islands and circuitous waterways of the Carolina coast were ideal places for pirates to hide, particularly during the early proprietary years (1670-1700) and at the end of the 'Golden Age of Piracy' (1716-1720).
As Dr. J. Brent Morris wrote on the America's Reconstruction | The Untold Story website: "The Reconstruction Era was literally a period of rebuilding ... The ending of slavery not only brought freedom to African Americans but also inaugurated a complex reshaping of fundamental American institutions including the lawmaking process, family structure, church organization, and … Continue reading Reconstruction Period in Beaufort, South Carolina, 1862 – 1915
Thomas Heyward, Jr., 1746 - 1809 Planter, Revolutionary War soldier and politician, Heyward signed the Declaration of Independence for South Carolina. He has many descendants, some of whom meet at the Old House cemetery near Ridgeland, Jasper County on July 4th each year. Below are just some of the materials that the Beaufort County Library … Continue reading Thomas Heyward, Jr., 1746 -1809: List of Materials and Links
Approximately 200,000 men of color would serve in the Union Army or Union Navy during the Civil War. Some of the men were free black men from Northern states; some were former enslaved men from the states which seceded from the United States of America. Because the area around Port Royal and St. Helena Sounds was occupied by the Federal government so early in the Civil War, three of the four regiments of USCT soldiers raised in South Carolina were organized here. Latest revision: 14 June 2017.
The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of our area. Charlotte Forten (later Grimke) was a Northern teacher to the former enslaved people of Beaufort District during the Port Royal Experiment. Latest Revision 9 February 2012
Traditional West African folk medicine and magic were adapted by African American healers and conjurers on the plantation to fill a void of health care and to supplement Western religious practices. Root workers, sometimes called conjurers or witch doctors, used herbs, roots, spells, religious rites, and potions to influence outcomes. Often the root workers took a pseudonym when they became practitioners of hoodoo, voodoo, or conjuring. A variety of terms are used to connote rootwork: mojo, juju, conjure, black magic, hoodoo, and vodou among others. Learn more about Dr. Buzzard, (aka Stepheney Robinson, Stepany Robinson, Stephney Robinson), a root doctor from St. Helena Island, SC. Latest update: July 25, 2018.
The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of our area. The Port Royal Experiment is a critical part of that history. Prepared by staff of the Beaufort District Collection. Posted: 21 February 2011
Penn School was one of the first schools set up to educate the newly freed enslaved. In 1901, it adopted an industrial arts curriculum. Penn School closed in 1948 but by the 1960s, Penn Community Services was the only location in South Carolina where interracial groups could meet and discuss civil disobedience activities in peace. During the 1970s, Penn Community Services evolved into Penn Center, an organization dedicated "to promote and preserve the history and culture of the Sea Islands."