Mitchelville: The First Freedman’s Village, A List of Materials & Links

· Places
Authors

BDC New Logo_Blue   Mitchelville, an historic site on Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina, is considered by many to be the first post-Civil War settlement for freed slaves with a government structure led by and administered by former slaves.

Web Based Resources:

“In 2005, a diverse group of Hilton Head Island citizens joined forces to preserve, protect and promote the heritage of Mitchelville, America’s first post-Civil War settlement for freed slaves … through the Mitchelville Preservation Project, Inc.,  a 501 (c) 3 non-profit organization whose mission is to replicate, preserve, and sustain an historically significant site and to educate the public about the sacrifice, resilience and perseverance of the freedmen of Mitchelville and to share the story of how these brave men and women planted strong and enduring familial roots for generations of future African-Americans.”

In Freedom’s Shadow: The Reconstruction Legacy of Renty Franklin Greaves of Beaufort County, South Carolina,” by Giselle White-Perry, Prologue (Fall 2010), vol. 42, no. 3.

Mitchelville: The Hidden Town at Dawn of Freedom,” by Peter Jackson, BBC News Magazine, 29 February 2012.

Mitchelville” in Wikipedia

The Negroes,” a New South newspaper notice at the beginning of what became known as Mitchelville, New South, October 4, 1862, p. 3.

The Gullah: Hilton Head, SC a YouTube video (2008) about this unique culture with Emory Campbell.

A search of the online archives of the Island Packet (Hilton Head Island, SC) newspaper using the term “Mitchelville” results in 332 news articles and 4 videos relating to the village and the Mitchelville Preservation Project, Inc.

The New South was a weekly newspaper published by the Union postmaster, Joseph S. Sears, beginning  in March 1862.  The newspaper moved to Beaufort sometime in 1865 and ceased publication in 1867. The New South has been digitized by the University of South Carolina and is available online.  Researchers should bear in mind that articles about the Freedmen’s Village do not always contain the word “Mitchelville.”  Thus a careful reading of all 67 surviving issues of the New South newspaper is likely to result in a broader understanding of the contemporary circumstances of the village’s establishment.

Mitchelville Map

975.704 TRI Of Freedom Unto All: An Archaeological Examination of the Port Royal Experiment by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation, Research Contribution 20, 1987. Available online as PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html.

SC 975.7 TRI The Lifestyle of Freedmen at Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island: Evidence of a Changing Pattern of Afro-American Archaeological Visibility by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation Research Contribution 21, 2001.  Available in the BDC and HHI as well as available online as PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html.

SC 975.799 CHI Indian and Freedmen Occupation at the Fish Haul Site (38BU805), Beaufort County, South Carolina, edited by Michael Trinkley, Chicora Foundation, Research Series 7, 1986.  Available in the BDC and also available online as PDF downloads in sections through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/researchseries.html

SC 975.799 MIT Mitchelville: Experiment in Freedom by Chicora Foundation, 1995.  Available in hardcopy in the BDC and in HHI and also available online through SCIway.net website beginning with the page at http://www.sciway.net/hist/chicora/mitchelville.html.

SC 975.799 TRI The Archaeological Manifestations of the the “Port Royal Experiment” in Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island, [Beaufort County] South Carolina by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation, Research Contribution 14, [1987].   Available in the BDC and available online as a PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html

Check Out These Materials for the Beaufort County Library:

REF 975.799 FOR The Forgotten History: A Photographic Essay on Civil War Hilton Head Island by Charles C. McCracken, 1993.  (BDC, HHI, BLU)

975.799 SIN Hidden History of Hilton Head by Alice E. Sink.  History Press, 2010. (ALL)

Visit the Beaufort District Collection To See These Items:

SC MAP #618 Beaufort County Reconstruction Sites [Bluffton and Hilton Head]. Created by Beaufort County, [2003.]

SC MAP #750 Town of Hilton Head: Historic Mitchelville: 1864. Aerial map. Reproduction made by the Planning Department, Town of Hilton Head Island, 2009.

SC 305.8961 MCC 2012 Gullah culture: 1670 to 1950 by David B. McCoy, Spare Change Press, 2012.

SC 352.1508 BEA Beaufort County Legislative Delegation [DVD], August 31, 2009.

SC 975.7 TRI  The Lifestyle of Freedmen at Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island: Evidence of a Changing Pattern of Afro-American Archaeological Visibility by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation Research Contribution 21, 2001.  Available in the BDC and HHI as well as available online as PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html.

SC 975.704 BEA Beaufort during the Reconstruction Era, USCB Forum: [February 25, 2003] by Marge Yanker and others, The Partnership, 2003. [VHS]

SC 975.799 CHI Indian and Freedmen Occupation at the Fish Haul Site (38BU805), Beaufort County, South Carolina, edited by Michael Trinkley, Chicora Foundation, Research Series 7, 1986.  Available in the BDC and also available online as PDF downloads in sections through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/researchseries.html

REF 975.799 FOR The Forgotten History: A Photographic Essay on Civil War Hilton Head Island by Charles C. McCracken, 1993.  (BDC, HHI, BLU)

SC 975.799 MIT Da Spirit of Freedom Lives in We: The Scrapbook of a Native Islander by Johnnie Patterson Mitchell, [1996].

SC 975.799 MIT  Mitchelville: Experiment in Freedom by Chicora Foundation, 1995.  Available in hardcopy in the BDC and in HHI and also available online through SCIway website beginning with the page at http://www.sciway.net/hist/chicora/mitchelville.html.

SC 975.799 TRI The Archaeological Manifestations of the the “Port Royal Experiment” in Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island, [Beaufort County] South Carolina by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation, Research Contribution 14, [1987].   Available in the BDC and available online as a PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html

Mitchelville [BDC Vertical File] contains many newspaper clippings, mostly as of this writing still available within the Island Packet newspaper online archives.  The Mitchelville vertical file also contains: “Fort Mitchel defended Union’s island headquarters” by Gillian Flaccus, Island Packet, August 30, 1999, pp. 1A, 11A; “Memories of Mitchelville – Freedom Gained and Lost” by Lisa M. Collins, Beaufort Gazette, November 15, 1998, p. C1; and, “Beaufort County village of freed slaves recognized,” Carologue, Summer 1995, p. 7.

Hilton Head Branch Library has its own Mitchelville – Civil War Hilton Head [HHI Vertical File] which may include clippings and other materials different from those found in the Beaufort District Collection’s clipping folder on Mitchelville.

The Beaufort District Collection, Beaufort Branch, and Hilton Head Branch have microfilm of the locally based Civil War era newspapers, the New South, the Free South, and the Palmetto Herald.

Location Codes:  ALL = All units of the Beaufort County Library have the physical item; BDC = Beaufort District Collection; BEA = Beaufort Branch Library; BLU = Bluffton Branch Library; HHI = Hilton Head Branch Library; LOB = Lobeco Branch Library; STH = St. Helena Branch Library.

Note: Please check the Library system’s homepage for current hours of operation and locations.

List prepared by Grace Morris Cordial, MLS, SL, CA, Beaufort District Collection Manager; Original post: 1 August 2013; All links were active on 24 June 2015; Latest Revision: 24 June 2015

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