Compiled by Grace Morris Cordial, MLS, SL, CA, Beaufort District Collection Manager, Beaufort County Library (SC). Latest revision: 27 January 2017. All links active on 27 January 2017. (First posted: 21 February 2011)
I. General Treatments of the Era
975.799 FOR McCracken, Charles C. The forgotten history: a photographic essay on Civil War Hilton Head Island. (BDC, BLU, HHI)
SC 975.799 MCG McGuire, Mary Jennie. Getting their hands on the land. (BDC)
975.799 POR Porcher, Richard and Sarah Fick. The Story of sea island cotton (BDC, BEA, BLU) Has a very useful appendix about the history of individual cotton plantations on St. Helena and Edisto Islands.
SC 975.799 TRI Trinkley, Michael. The archaeological manifestations of the “Port Royal experiment” at Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island, South Carolina. (BDC) Click here to view
SC 975.704 TRI Michael Trinkley. Of Freedom Unto All: An Archaeological Examination of the Port Royal Experiment. Click here to view
SC 975.7 TRI Michael Trinkley. The Lifestyle of Freedmen at Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island: Evidence of a Changing Pattern of Afro-American Archaeological Visibility. (BDC, HHI) Click here to view
BCHS Paper, 45. “The Great Port Royal Experiment Following the War Between the States,” by W. Brantley Harvey, Jr. (Print available only inside the BDC; on microfilm at BEA, HHI)
BCHS Paper, 53. “Occupation of the Beaufort Area by Northern Forces During the War,” by Roger Pinckney, 10th. (Print available only inside the BDC; on microfilm at BEA, HHI)
BCHS Paper, 62. “William Henry Brisbane: South Carolina Slaveholder and Abolitionist,” by Blake McNulty. (Print available only inside the BDC; on microfilm at BEA, HHI)
The Freedmen’s Record: Organ of the New England Freedmen’s Society, vol. 1, 1865 Available on Hathitrust website at http://hdl.handle.net/2027/inu.32000000353468
“The Port Royal Experiment” by Ben Parton in the Essential Civil War Curriculum web series at the Virginia Center for Civil War Studies at Virginia Tech http://www.essentialcivilwarcurriculum.com/the-port-royal-experiment.html
BDC Vertical Files
- Port Royal Experiment
- Reconstruction Heritage Partnership
- History—Reconstruction, 1865-1898
- Emancipation Oak
- See Oaks (tree)
- See also Emancipation Proclamation – Commemoration
- Emancipation Proclamation
- Emancipation Proclamation – Commemoration
A careful search of the South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine indexes, 1900-1999 is always recommended.
II. “Smith’s Plantation” [aka “Old Fort” Plantation, J.J. Smith Plantation]
SC 929.2 HOW In Charles Howard Family Domestic History, pp. 105-106 discussion of Emancipation Day ceremony at Smith’s Plantation; his experiences as Sea islands teacher for the newly freedmen, pp. 83-112.
Map #283 Smiths Plantation 26 May 1864
Maps #102 -117, 274, 629 and 804 relate to the Tax Sale of properties 1863 – 1876
SC 975.799 Penn Center. The Nomination of the “Emancipation Proclamation Site” to the National Register, 1993-1995. Michigan Support Group, no date given. 20 pages.
Annotation: On January 1, 1863, Brigadier General Rufus Saxton told the contraband slaves who had assembled at the John Joiner Smith Plantation that they were formally free. One hundred thirty years later, a re-enactment of that momentous event was staged on the site involving local and state government officials, the 1st South Carolina Volunteers Reenactment group, the Penn Center organization, and interested citizens. This brief but meaty booklet details the nomination of the site for the National Register of Historic Places, supplying copies of the original submission for inclusion and supporting documentation. (gmc)
III. Northern Teachers in Schools for Freed Black People
973.715 BOT First days amongst the contrabands by Elizabeth Hyde Botume (BDC, HHI) Available on Internet Archive at https://archive.org/details/firstdaysamongst00botu.
975.799 JAC Yankee missionaries in the South: the Penn School experiment by Elizabeth Jacoway. (BDC, BEA)
SC 975.799 FIR First annual report of the Port Royal relief committee in Concert Hall, Chestnut St., Philadelphia, March 26th, 1863 [Pamphlet photocopy] (BDC)
Microfilm Penn Center, Inc. Penn School Papers, 1862-1976 [33 Microfilm reels, BDC only]
Microfilm The Penn School, 1862-1948 [Microfilm] : A Look at Negro Education in South Carolina : Master’s Thesis, UNC-Chapel Hill, 1968.