John Barnwell, ca.1671 – 1724: A List of Selected Links & Materials

John Barnwell (circa 1671-1724) was an early Anglo-Irish settler of the Carolina colony holding several offices in the Proprietary government. Barnwell led a successful expedition against the Tuscarora Indians to North Carolina in 1711- 1712 thereby earning the nickname “Tuscarora Jack.” Always active in military affairs, he led a waterborne militia called the “Carolina Scouts” to defeat the Yamasees who rose up against the English settlers in 1715. He owned 6500 acres of land on Port Royal Island and neighboring islands. In addition to being a land surveyor, he traded with the Indians. The six children he had with wife Anne Berners formed the core of South Carolina’s planter class and political elite up to the Civil War period. He died May 24, 1724 and his remains are buried in the Parish Church of St. Helena’s churchyard at 505 Church Street in Beaufort, SC. No contemporary portraits or drawings are known to exist of his likeness.

This selective list of materials about John Barnwell was prepared by Grace Morris Cordial, MLS, SL, CA, Manager of the Beaufort County Library’s (SC) special local history collection and archives, the Beaufort District Collection.

Original Post: 28 April 2010; Latest update 26 July 2017; All links verified as of 26 July 2017

Online Resources:

Barnwell, John” by Lawrence S. Rowland, South Carolina Encyclopedia (University of South Carolina, Institute for Southern Studies, May 17, 2016; latest update October 13, 2016.) Accessed 25 July 2017.

“John Barnwell” in Dictionary of American Biography, Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1936. Biography in Context  Gale Document Number: GALE|BT2310018250 Accessed 25 July 2017. (Requires access to the Gale Database suite through your library)
‘Tuscarora Jack’ Barnwell: Founder of Beaufort, SC” Beaufort Online, posted 16 September 2016. Accessed 25 July 2017.
The Tuscarora Expedition. Letters of Colonel John Barnwell,South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, vol. 9, no. 1 (Jan., 1908), pp. 28 -54.  Accessed 25 July 2017.
John Barnwell 1712 Letter Regarding Tuscarora War,” Native Heritage Project.  Accessed 25 July 2017.

Journal of John Barnwell,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, vol. 5 (1898), pp. 391 – 402.

Barnwell, John” in Colonial Wars of North America, 1512 – 1763 (Routledge Revivals): An Encyclopedia by Alan Gallay.
Barnwell of South Carolina” by Alexander S. Salley, South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, vol. 2 (January 1901): 46 – 88.

You can check out these materials from one of the SCLENDS consortium libraries:

A Colonial Complex: South Carolina’s Frontiers in the Era of the Yamasee War, 1680-1730  by Steven J. Oatis, 2004.

Colonial South Carolina: A Political History, 1663-1763 by Marion Eugene Sirmans, 1966.

The History of Beaufort County, South Carolina, Volume 1, 1514-1861 by Lawrence Sanders Rowland, Alexander Moore, and George C. Rogers, Jr., 1996.

Indians’ Revenge: Including a History of the Yemassee Indian War, 1715-1728 by William McIntosh, III, 2010.

The Lives in Objects: Native Americans, British Colonists, and Cultures of Labor and Exchange in the Southeast by Jessica Yirush Stern, 2017.

content   This Torrent of Indians: War on the Southern Frontier, 1715-1728 by Larry E. Ivers, 2016.

To Make This Land Our Own: Community, Identity, and Cultural Adaptation in Purrysburg Township, South Carolina, 1732-1865 by Arlin C. Migliazzo, 2007.

The Tuscarora War: Indians Settlers, and the Fight for the Carolina Colonies by David La Vere, 2013.

The Yamasee War: A Study of Culture, Economy, and Conflict in the Colonial South by William L. Ramsey, 2008.

Come to the Beaufort District Collection Research Room to see these items:

Yemasee War Poster
BDC POSTER #37 [2015]
Beaufort County Historical Society Papers #14 “John Barnwell and the Tuscaroras: Read before the Beaufort County Historical Society June 29, 1954” by Rebecca DesChamps McDowell, 1954. Unpublished.
Beaufort County Historical Society Papers #23 “Old Families of Beaufort: The Talbirds, The Barnwells, and the Chaplins of St. Helena: Read before the Beaufort County Historical Society December 10, 1952” by Etta C. Foster, 1952. Unpublished.
Beaufort County Historical Society Papers # 59 “The Yamassee War in the Beaufort Port Royal Area, 1601 – 1715: Prepared for the Beaufort County Historical Society” by Larry Ivers, no date. Unpublished.

SC 929 TRA The Train Family: Including Some Account of the Barnwell, Brown, Cuthbert, Fuller, Hand, Leiter, Middleton, Parker, Payson, Savage, and Tomlinson Families by Russell E. Train, 2000, pp. 332-333.

SC 929.2 BAR 1946 Barnwell of South Carolina originally compiled to 1901 by Joseph W. Barnwell and A.S. Salley, revised to 1946 by Stephen B. Barnwell, 1946.

SC 929.2 BAR The Story of an American Family by Stephen B. Barnwell, 1969.

SC 929.2 GEN Genealogical Chart: Barnwell of South Carolina compiled by Barnwell Rhett Heyward, 1898.

SC 929.2 HAR 1984 Kith and Kin: A Portrait of a Southern Family (1630-1934) by Carolyn L. Harrell, 1984, pp. 47-57.

SC 929.3 SOU vol. 1 “Barnwell of South Carolina” by Alexander S. Salley in South Carolina Genealogies: Articles from The South Carolina Historical (and Genealogical) Magazine, 1983, vol. 1: 33-78.

SC 973.25 LAV 2013 The Tuscarora War: Indians Settlers, and the Fight for the Carolina Colonies by David La Vere, 2013.

SC 973.25 RAM The Yamasee War: A Study of Culture, Economy, and Conflict in the Colonial South by William L. Ramsey, 2008.

975.02 STE 2017 The Lives in Objects: Native Americans, British Colonists, and Cultures of Labor and Exchange in the Southeast by Jessica Yirush Stern, 2017.

SC 975.7 SOU vol. 2Barnwell of South Carolina” by Alexander S. Salley, South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, vol. 2 (January 1901): 46 – 88.

SC 975.702 CRA The Southern Frontier, 1670-1732 by Verner Winslow Crane, 1929.

975.702 IVE This Torrent of Indians: War on the Southern Frontier, 1715-1728 by Larry E. Ivers, 2016.

975.702 MCI Indians’ Revenge: Including a History of the Yemassee Indian War, 1715-1728 by William McIntosh, III, 2010.

SC 975.702 OAT A Colonial Complex : South Carolina’s Frontiers in the Era of the Yamasee War, 1680-1730  by Steven J. Oatis, 2004.

SC 975.702 SIR Colonial South Carolina: A Political History, 1663-1763 by Marion Eugene Sirmans, 1966.

SC 975.798 MIG To Make This Land Our Own : Community, Identity, and Cultural Adaptation in Purrysburg Township, South Carolina, 1732-1865 by Arlin C. Migliazzo, 2007.

SC 975.799 ROW V1The history of Beaufort County, South Carolina, Volume 1, 1514-1861 by Lawrence Sanders Rowland, Alexander Moore, and George C. Rogers, Jr., 1996.

VERTICAL FILES contain newspaper and magazine clippings, ephemera, and items collected through the years about the people, places, topics, and themes relating to Beaufort District’s long and storied history. We suggest that you review the content of the following vertical files for relevant information about John Barnwell.

VERTICAL FILE: BARNWELL FAMILY

VERTICAL FILE: BARNWELL, JOHN

VERTICAL FILE: YAMASEE WAR, S.C., 1715-1717

VERTICAL FILE: YAMASSEE (NATIVE AMERICAN TRIBE)

SC MAP 140 Mapp of Beaufort in South Carolina: 1721 by the Public Records Office, London. Colonial Office. Carolina, North and South, 1721. (Reproduction) [Indicates some of John Barnwell’s land holdings.]

SC MAP 309 Map Showing the Line of March for Col. John Barnwell from Charleston in 1711; Col. James Moore in 1712; [and] Col. Maurice Moore in 1713, 1713. (Reproduction)

SC MAP 410 Western or Atlantick Ocean ascribed to John Barnwell, 1721. (Reproduction) [Original manuscript map is at Yale University.]

Please contact the Beaufort District Collection at (843) 255-6468 or e-mail bdc@bcgov.net for additional information about local history and archives relating to the people, places, and themes of the history, culture, and natural environment of Beaufort County, Jasper County, and Hampton County, South Carolina. Current hours of operation are posted on the Beaufort County Library’s (SC) website.

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