Mitchelville (Hilton Head Island): The First Freedman’s Village

· Places
Authors

The following is a selective list of materials found online and/or in the Beaufort County Library system about Mitchelville, an historic site on Hilton Head Island, Beaufort County, South Carolina, considered by many to be the first post-Civil War settlement for freed slaves with a government structure led by and administered by former slaves.

Location Codes for physical materials:  ALL = All units of the Beaufort County Library have a physical of the item; BDC = Beaufort District Collection; BEA = Beaufort Branch Library; BLU = Bluffton Branch Library; HHI = Hilton Head Branch Library; LOB = Lobeco Branch Library; STH = St. Helena Branch Library

Web Based Resources

“In 2005, a diverse group of Hilton Head Island citizens joined forces to preserve, protect and promote the heritage of Mitchelville, America’s first post-Civil War settlement for freed slaves … through the Mitchelville Preservation Project, Inc.,  a 501 (c) 3 non-profit organization whose mission is to replicate, preserve, and sustain an historically significant site and to educate the public about the sacrifice, resilience and perseverance of the freedmen of Mitchelville and to share the story of how these brave men and women planted strong and enduring familial roots for generations of future African-Americans.” Their website is found at http://www.mitchelvillepreservationproject.com/.

“In Freedom’s Shadow: The Reconstruction Legacy of Renty Franklin Greaves of Beaufort County, South Carolina,” by Giselle White-Perry, Prologue (Fall 2010), vol. 42, no. 3  http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2010/fall/greaves.html.

“Mitchelville: The Hidden Town at Dawn of Freedom,” by Peter Jackson, BBC News Magazine, 29 February 2012 http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-16754502.

“Mitchelville” in Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitchelville

“The Negroes,” a New South newspaper notice at the beginning of what became known as Mitchelville, New South, October 4, 1862, p. 3. http://digital.tcl.sc.edu/cdm/ref/collection/NSN/id/465 Accessed 30 July 2013

A search of the online archives of the Island Packet (Hilton Head Island, SC) newspaper using the term “Mitchelville” results in 212 news articles and 4 videos relating to the village and the Mitchelville Preservation Project, Inc. http://www.islandpacket.com/search_results?q=Mitchelville

The New South was a weekly newspaper published by the Union postmaster, Joseph S. Sears, beginning  in March 1862.  The newspaper moved to Beaufort sometime in 1865 and ceased publication in 1867.   The Beaufort District Collection, Beaufort Branch, and Hilton Head Branch have copies of the New South, the Free South, and the Palmetto Herald, all locally based Civil War era newspapers,  on microfilm.  The New South has been digitized by the University of South Carolina and is available online at http://library.sc.edu/digital/collections/newsouth.html. Researchers should bear in mind that articles about the Freedmen’s Village do not always contain the word “Mitchelville.”  Thus a careful reading of all 67 surviving issues of the New South newspaper is likely to result in a broader understanding of the contemporary circumstances of the village’s establishment.

Of Freedom Unto All: An Archaeological Examination of the Port Royal Experiment by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation, Research Contribution 20, 1987. Available online as PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html.

SC 975.7 TRI The Lifestyle of Freedmen at Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island: Evidence of a Changing Pattern of Afro-American Archaeological Visibility by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation Research Contribution 21, 2001.  Available in the BDC and HHI as well as available online as PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html.

SC 975.799 CHI Indian and Freedmen Occupation at the Fish Haul Site (38BU805), Beaufort County, South Carolina, edited by Michael Trinkley, Chicora Foundation, Research Series 7, 1986.  Available in the BDC and also available online as PDF downloads in sections through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/researchseries.html

SC 975.799 MIT Mitchelville: Experiment in Freedom by Chicora Foundation, 1995.  Available in hardcopy in the BDC and in HHI and also available online through SCIway.net website beginning with the page at http://www.sciway.net/hist/chicora/mitchelville.html.

SC 975.799 TRI The Archaeological Manifestations of the the “Port Royal Experiment” in Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island, [Beaufort County] South Carolina by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation, Research Contribution 14, [1987].   Available in the BDC and available online as a PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html

Check Out These Materials for the Beaufort County Library

975.799 SIN Hidden History of Hilton Head by Alice E. Sink.  History Press, 2010. (ALL)

Visit the Beaufort District Collection To See These Items

SC 352.1508 BEA Beaufort County Legislative Delegation [DVD], August 31, 2009.

SC 975.7 TRI  The Lifestyle of Freedmen at Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island: Evidence of a Changing Pattern of Afro-American Archaeological Visibility by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation Research Contribution 21, 2001.  Available in the BDC and HHI as well as available online as PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html.

SC 975.704 BEA Beaufort during the Reconstruction Era, USCB Forum: [February 25, 2003] by Marge Yanker and others, The Partnership, 2003. [VHS]

SC 975.799 CHI Indian and Freedmen Occupation at the Fish Haul Site (38BU805), Beaufort County, South Carolina, edited by Michael Trinkley, Chicora Foundation, Research Series 7, 1986.  Available in the BDC and also available online as PDF downloads in sections through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/researchseries.html

975.799 FOR The Forgotten History: A Photographic Essay on Civil War Hilton Head Island by Charles C. McCracken, 1993.  (BDC, HHI, BLU)

SC 975.799 MIT Da Spirit of Freedom Lives in We: The Scrapbook of a Native Islander by Johnnie Patterson Mitchell, [1996].

SC 975.799 MIT  Mitchelville: Experiment in Freedom by Chicora Foundation, 1995.  Available in hardcopy in the BDC and in HHI and also available online through SCIway website beginning with the page at http://www.sciway.net/hist/chicora/mitchelville.html.

SC 975.799 TRI The Archaeological Manifestations of the the “Port Royal Experiment” in Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island, [Beaufort County] South Carolina by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation, Research Contribution 14, [1987].   Available in the BDC and available online as a PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html

Mitchelville [BDC Vertical File] contains many newspaper clippings, mostly as of this writing still available within the Island Packet newspaper online archives.  The Mitchelville vertical file also contains: “Fort Mitchel defended Union’s island headquarters” by Gillian Flaccus, Island Packet, August 30, 1999, pp. 1A, 11A; “Memories of Mitchelville – Freedom Gained and Lost” by Lisa M. Collins, Beaufort Gazette, November 15, 1998, p. C1; and, “Beaufort County village of freed slaves recognized,” Carologue, Summer 1995, p. 7.

The Beaufort District Collection, Beaufort Branch, and Hilton Head Branch have copies of the New South, the Free South, and the Palmetto Herald, all locally based Civil War era newspapers,  on microfilm.  The New South has been digitized by the University of South Carolina and is available online at http://library.sc.edu/digital/collections/newsouth.html.

Visit the Hilton Head Island Branch Library to See These Items

SC 975.7 TRI  The Lifestyle of Freedmen at Mitchelville, Hilton Head Island: Evidence of a Changing Pattern of Afro-American Archaeological Visibility by Michael Trinkley.  Chicora Foundation Research Contribution 21, 2001.  Available in the BDC and HHI as well as available online as PDF download through Chicora Foundation at http://www.chicora.org/research-contributions.html.

SC 975.799 FOR The Forgotten History: A Photographic Essay on Civil War Hilton Head Island by Charles C. McCracken, 1993.  (BDC, HHI, BLU)

SC 975.799 MIT  Mitchelville: Experiment in Freedom by Chicora Foundation, 1995.  Available in hardcopy in the BDC and in HHI and also available online through SCIway website beginning with the page at http://www.sciway.net/hist/chicora/mitchelville.html.

Mitchelville – Civil War Hilton Head [HHI Vertical File]

The Beaufort District Collection, Beaufort Branch, and Hilton Head Branch have copies of the New South, the Free South, and the Palmetto Herald, all locally based Civil War era newspapers,  on microfilm.  The New South has been digitized by the University of South Carolina and is available online at http://library.sc.edu/digital/collections/newsouth.html.

Selections by Grace Morris Cordial, MLS, SL, Beaufort District Collection Manager; Unless otherwise specified, URL date accessed is 1 August 2013; Latest Revision: 1 August 2013

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

%d bloggers like this: