Selective Materials on African-Americans and the Civil War

Compiled in honor of Black History Month 2.24.2012; Latest update 1.4.2013

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Prepared by Grace Morris Cordial, MLS, SL, Historical Resources Coordinator , Beaufort County Library. Posted: February 15, 2011.
Latest revision: February 24, 2012.

Resources about African-Americans in the Military during the Civil War

Online Resources

The Civil War Trust has a United States Colored Troops hub athttp://www.civilwar.org/education/history/usct/usct-united-states-colored.html. Among the offerings are primary source materials,articles, a slideshow, and a quiz about actions in which the men of the USCT participated. .

“Men of Color: To Arms! To Arms!” by Elizabeth Berlin Taylor for the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History at http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/african-americans-and-emancipation/resources/%E2%80%9Cmen-color-arms-arms%E2%80%9D.

REF 973.7 DYECompendium of the War of the Rebellionby Frederick H. Dyer. (3 vols.) (BEA, HHI) Also available online athttp://www.civilwararchive.com/regim.htm

973.7 WARThe War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies(130 vols.) (BDC, BLU) Also available online athttp://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/browse.monographs/waro.html.

The New South, a Civil War era newspaper published here from 1862-1866 is available online athttp://www.sc.edu/library/digital/collections/newsouth.html.

BCL website pages on Robert Smalls, a local African-American Civil War naval hero are found at:

· http://www.beaufortcountylibrary.org/htdocs-sirsi/famous.htm#Smalls

· http://www.beaufortcountylibrary.org/htdocs-sirsi/smalls.htm

National Park Service, Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/ . Read the “History of African Americans in the Civil War” at http://www.itd.nps.gov/cwss/history/aa_history.htm .

In honor of the 150 th Anniversary of the Civil War, the Navy has posted an online brochure “Blacks in Blue Jackets: African Americans in the Civil War” at http://www.scribd.com/doc/38189408/Civil-War-Navy-Sesquicentennial-African-American-Sailor-Brochure

“Black Men in Navy Blue During the Civil War,” an article originally published in the National Archives

PrologueMagazine, is a very good introduction to what life was like for black sailors in the Union Navy. Go tohttp://www.navyandmarine.org/ondeck/1862blackinblue.htm.

“The African American Experience In Ohio, 1850-1920” found at http://dbs.ohiohistory.org/africanam/ allows searches on “African American soldiers” and keyword “Civil War” which brings up some good digital images of individual soldiers, most of whom had direct connections with the State of Ohio.

“The African American Odyssey: A Quest for Full Citizenship” found at http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/ . Select “The Civil War” section and read “Soldiers and Missionaries” and “Fighting for Freedom.” An added benefit of this site is a digital image of a photograph of black soldiers in Beaufort.

“The Fight for Equal Rights: Black Soldiers in the Civil War Preserving the Legacy of the United States Colored Troops” by Budge Weidman is found at http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/blacks-civil-war/article.html . This site is part of the “Teaching With Documents” series offered to the schools by the National Archives.

“First to Serve” found at http://www.nps.gov/fosc/historyculture/firsttoserve.htm states: “During theCivil War, Kansas was the first state to officially recruit and train military units comprised of black soldiers.” For more about the Kansas Colored Troops, please see this site: http://www.kshs.org/p/online-exhibits-keep-the-flag-to-the-front-part-4/10654

“Valley of the Shadow” project found at http://valley.vcdh.virginia.edu/ contains limited information about USCT. Select the “The War Years,” and then “Images.” Enter the term “African Americans” in the Subject dropdown box to access 71 images, some of which were taken in our area. A notable person, Maj. Martin Delaney, is shown. He was the first Black Officer in the Union Army. He served with the 55 th Massachusetts which was based here for a time during the Civil War.

“United States Colored Troops – Civil War: Brief Notes and Links” researched and compiled by Bennie J. McRae, Jr. offers some insights of a dedicated Civil War buff. The web site address is http://www.coax.net/people/lwf/usct.htm .

The Fifty-fourth Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment was the first military unit consisting of black soliders to be raised in the North during the Civil War. The Massachusetts Historical Society launched a website displaying some of their archival holdings of photographs, broadsides, and manuscripts relating to the 54th MASS at http://www.masshist.org/online/54thregiment/essay.php?entry_id=528 .

“American Memory, Library of Congress” found at http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html is a treasure trove of information but you have to play with the database to get the best results. Appropriate databases to search are “Civil War Treasures from the New-York Historical Society, contained within Civil War Images ~ Multiformat ~ 1861-1865 , Civil War Maps in the Hotchkiss Map collection and the “Civil War Maps, 1861-1865” digital exhibit; and the Brady Studio and Others photographic collection.

“Photographs of African Americans During the Civil War: A List of Images in the Civil War Photograph Collection” can be accessed through the Prints and Photographs Division

,Library of Congress through the portal found athttp://www.loc.gov/rr/print/list/081_cwaf2.html.

The Library of Congress highlights images, maps, and other resources on African-Americans at http://www.africanamericanhistorymonth.gov/index.html . Of particular interest are the recently arrived images of African-American soldiers and sailors as found in the Liljenquist Collection of Civil War portraits. The portal for the Liljenquist Collection is found at http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/caption/captionliljenquist.htmlhttp://www.loc.gov/rr/print/caption/captionliljenquist.html .

For digital images posted by the Historical Division of the United States Navy, start with their homepage which is found at http://www.history.navy.mil/ . They are running a special “Navy African American Experience” at http://www.history.navy.mil/special%20Highlights/AfricanAmerican/African-hist.htm.

Information found in “African-Americans and the U.S. Navy” at http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/prs-tpic/af-amer/afa-1860.htm is very useful. There’s even a special feature on our native son, Robert Smalls!

Angela Y. Walton-Raji writes a blog entitled “The USCT Chronicle: Telling African American Civil War Stores, of Soldiers, Civilians, Contrabands, First Days of Freedom, and the Events that led to Freedom” at http://usctchronicle.blogspot.com/.

You can check out these materials from Beaufort County Library:

The branch libraries in Beaufort (BEA), Bluffton (BLU), and Hilton Head (HHI) have particularly strong collections of printed materials on the Civil War and the African American soldiers, sailors, and civilians who served.

PLEASE ask a Reference Librarian for help locating these and many other relevant materials about the role of African-Americans in the Union military during the Civil War.

B GOULDDiary of a contraband : the Civil War passage of a Black sailor[edited by] William B. Gould IV. (BEA, BLU, HHI)

B MCCLINESlavery in the Clover Bottoms: John McCline’s narrative of his life during slavery and the Civil War.(BLU, LOB)

B SHAWBlue-eyed child of fortune: the Civil War letters of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw. (BDC, HHI)

B SMALLSCongressman Robert Smalls [DVD]: a patriot’s journey from slavery to Capitol Hillnarrated by Sean Patrick Thomas; written and directed by Adrena Ifill. (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI, LOB)

371.1 JOU

The journals of Charlotte Forten Grimke

́

edited by Brenda Stevenson. (BDC, HHI)

973.7 CIV The Civil War[DVD] Produced by Greystone Communications, Inc. for The History Channel. Jim Lindsay, Narrator. (BLU, HHI)

973.7 CIVCivil War journal [DVD]: the conflict begins. History TV Network presentation; produced by Greystone Communications, Inc. in association with A & E Networks. Danny Glover, Narrator. (HHI)

973.7 FREFreedom’s journey: African American voices of the Civil Waredited by Donald Yacovone. (BLU)

973.7 HAWA woman doctor’s Civil War : Esther Hill Hawks’ diaryedited with foreword and afterword by Gerald Schwartz. (BDC, BEA, HHI)

973.7 HIGThe complete Civil War journal and selected letters of Thomas Wentworth Higginsonedited by Christopher Looby. (BDC, HHI, LOB)

973.7 MCPFor cause and comrades: why men fought in the Civil Warby James M. McPherson. (BEA, BLU, HHI)

REF 973.7 SOU

South Carolina African-Americans in the Civil War: two sides to a story, compiler and author, Roberta VH. Copp ; editing, Judith M. Brimelow. (BLU)

973.7 TRULike men of war : Black troops in the Civil War, 1862-1865by Noah Andre Trudeau. (BLU, HHI)

973.7 WASEagles on their buttons: a Black infantry regiment in the Civil Warby Versalle F. Washington. (HHI, STH)

973.7415 ASHFirebrand of liberty : the story of two Black regiments that changed the course of the Civil Warby Stephen V. Ash. (ALL)

973.7415 CORThe sable arm: Black troops in the Union Army, 1861-1865by Dudley Taylor Cornish. (BLU)

973.7415 FOR

Forgotten Confederates : an anthology about Black southerners

compiled & edited by Charles Kelly Barrow, J.H. Segars & R.B. Rosenburg. (BDC, BEA)

973.7415 GLAForged in battle: the Civil War alliance of Black soldiers and white officersby Joseph T. Glatthaar. (BDC, BEA, HHI)

REF 973.7415 GRESwamp angels: a biographical study of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment: true facts about the black defenders of the Civil Warby Robert Ewell Greene. (BDC, HHI)

973.7415 MAS[DVD]The Massachusetts 54th [DVD]: colored infantryby Jacqueline Shearer. (HHI)

973.7415 WARThe slaves’ war: the Civil War in the words of former slavesby Andrew Ward. (BEA, BLU, HHI)

973.742 HIGArmy life in a Black regimentby Thomas Wentworth Higginson. (BDC, BEA, HHI)

Come to the BDC Research Room to see these items:

Please note that materials available only through the Beaufort District Collection (BDC) are not available for checkout. Customary visiting hours are Monday – Friday: 10:00AM – 5:00PM; the BDC is closed on Saturday and Sunday.

B DELANYLife and public services of Martin R. Delany [Excerpt photocopied from book]: Sub-assistant Commissioner Bureau Relief of Refugees, Freedmen, and of Abandoned lands, and Late Major 104th U.S. Colored Troopsby Frank A. Rollin. (BDC)

B SHAWBlue-eyed child of fortune: the Civil War letters of Colonel Robert Gould Shaw. (BDC, HHI)

B SMALLSCongressman Robert Smalls [DVD]: a patriot’s journey from slavery to Capitol Hillnarrated by Sean Patrick Thomas; written and directed by Adrena Ifill. (ALL)

SC 306.3621 HUNSouth Carolina Volunteers [Pamphlet Articles] : Letter from the Secretary of War, in answer to a resolution of the House of June 8, 1862, transmitting correspondence of Major General Hunter, in relation to arming South Carolina volunteers: fugitive slaves : July 2, 1862.(BDC)

SC 371.1 JOUThe journals of Charlotte Forten Grimkéedited by Brenda Stevenson. (BDC, HHI)

SC 973.7 BRODesperate deliverance : the story of African Americans in the Civil Warby Robert Broadwater ; edited by Patricia Mitchell [and] Judy Gowan. (BDC)

SC 973.7 HAWA woman doctor’s Civil War : Esther Hill Hawks’ diaryedited with foreword and afterword by Gerald Schwartz. (BDC, BEA, HHI)

SC 973.7 HELSouth Carolina’s African American Confederate pensioners, 1923-1925by Alexia Jones Helsley. (BDC)

SC 973.7 HIGThe complete Civil War journal and selected letters of Thomas Wentworth Higginsonedited by Christopher Looby. (BDC, HHI, LOB)

SC 973.7 OFFOfficial Records of the Union and Confederate Navies in the War of the Rebellion(25 vols.) (BDC)

SC 973.7 ROSThe roster of Union soldiers, 1861-1865.United States Colored troopsedited by Janet B. Hewett (BDC)

SC 973.7 SUPSupplement to the Official records of the Union and Confederate Armiesedited by Janet Hewett. (BDC)

SC 973.7 TAYA Black woman’s Civil War memoirs: reminiscences of my life in camp with the 33rd U.S. Colored Troops, late 1st South Carolina Volunteersby Susie King Taylor. (BDC)

SC 973.7 WARThe War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies(130 vols.) (BDC, BLU) Also available online athttp://cdl.library.cornell.edu/moa/browse.monographs/waro.html.

SC 973.7415 ASHFirebrand of liberty : the story of two Black regiments that changed the course of the Civil Warby Stephen V. Ash. (ALL)

SC 973.7415 FORForgotten Confederates : an anthology about Black southernerscompiled & edited by Charles Kelly Barrow, J.H. Segars & R.B. Rosenburg. (BDC, BEA)

SC 973.7415FULMen of Color, To Arms!: Vermont African-Americans in the Civil Warby James Fuller. (BDC)

SC 973.7415 GLAForged in battle: the Civil War alliance of Black soldiers and white officersby Joseph T. Glatthaar. (BDC, BEA, HHI)

SC 973.7415 GOOOn the altar of freedom: a black soldier’s Civil War letters from the frontby James Henry Gooding. (BDC)

SC 973.7415 GOU104th infantry regiment-USCT, Colored Civil War soldiers from South Carolinaby J. Raymond Gourdin. (BDC)

SC 973.7415 GRESwamp angels: a biographical study of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment: true facts about the black defenders of the Civil Warby Robert Ewell Greene. (BDC, HHI)

SC 973.7415 HUMIntensely human : the health of the Black soldier in the American Civil Warby Margaret Humphreys. (BDC)

SC 973.7415 WESBlack troops, white commanders, and freedmen during the Civil WarbyHoward C. Westwood; with a foreword by John Y. Simon. (BDC)

SC 973.74157 MCRNineteenth century freedom fighters : the 1st South Carolina Volunteers byBennie J. McRae Jr., Curtis M. Miller, Cheryl Trowbridge-Miller (BDC)

SC 973.742 HIGArmy life in a Black regimentby Thomas Wentworth Higginson. (BDC, BEA, HHI)

SC 973.896 KINWounds that Bind: A Comparative Study of the Role played by Civil War veterans of African descent in community formation in Massachusetts and South Carolina, 1865-1915by Lisa Yolande King. (BDC)

Records on Microfilm

NEWSPAPERS

New South , Free South , Palmetto Heraldnewspapers, 1862-1866 (BDC, BEA, HHI)Please note:The New South, 1862-1866 is available online athttp://www.sc.edu/library/digital/collections/newsouth.html.

Beaufort Republican newspaper , 1871-1873(BDC, BEA)

Port Royal Commercial and Beaufort County Republican newspaper ,1873 -1874(BDC, BEA)

Palmetto Postnewspaper, 1882-1906 (BDC, BEA, HHI)

LAND RECORDS

Index to and Heads of Family Land Certificates, 1863-1872 (BDC, HHI)

Tax Sale Certificates 1864 (BDC, HHI)

Land Sale Certificates, 1869-1870; 1875-1876 (BDC, HHI)

VOTER REGISTRATION

Abstract of Voter Registrations reported to the Military Government, 1868 (BDC)

CENSUS RECORDS

1890 Federal Census of

Union Veterans and Widows(BDC, HHI)

1790 – 1880, 1900 – 1930

Federal Censusfor Beaufort County. (BDC, HHI) Also available electronically in all branch libraries throughAncestry Library Editiondatabase.

1870, 1880, 1900-1930

Federal Censusfor Hampton County. (BDC, HHI) Also available electronically in all branch libraries throughAncestry Library Editiondatabase.

1910-1930

Federal Censusfor Jasper County. (BDC, HHI) Also available electronically in all branch libraries throughAncestry Library Editiondatabase.

Suggested Subscription Databases in the Beaufort County Library

Please note: (Valid Beaufort County Library card and Password Required)

ESBCO Host

History Reference Centerdatabase

DISCUS databases

Biography in Context,Academic OneFile, U.S. History in Context, andExpanded Academic ASAPdatabases are particularly helpful when learning more about key figures and military actions during the Civil War era, including the role of the members of the USCT.

ANCESTRY LIBRARY EDITION

Ancestry Library Editionis available on the library’s Internet stations located in each of our branch libraries. To get the most out of the experience, come prepared with a list of USCT ancestors to research. Go to the Ancestry Database Card Catalog search search, type in “Civil War” as keyword and filter the location to the “United States.” (This eliminates records to civil wars in other countries). You will get a listing of 109 databases inside ALE about Civil War soldiers, sailors, and civilians. Here you will find links to key series:US Civil War Soldiers, 1861 – 1865; US Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles; Civil War Pension Index; Civil War Prisoner of War records; US, Colored Troops Military Service Records, 1861 – 1865; US Navy Pension Index, 1861 – 1910; the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1861 – 1865,and theAfrican American Photo Collection, 1850 -2000among others.

Ancestry Library Editionalso offers a version of the National Park Service’s Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System database.Ancestry Library Editioncalls its versions theU.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865[database collection]. This database tells the researcher whether a specific African-American is included in the African American Civil War Memorial and if so, the soldier’s name and plaque number.

Ancestry Library Editionis the largest online genealogy resource available with almost 8000 complete databases, and more than 4 billion names. The database includes census data; maps; military records and slave stories. New content is added regularly.

Suggested USCT and Civil War Web Sites on the Net

025.06 THOThe Civil War on the Web: A Guide to the Very Best Sitesby William G. Thomas and Alice E. Carter (BEA, HHI).This book offers valuable suggestions for the Civil War researcher. Chapter 5 evaluates web sites about “The Experience of the U.S. Colored Troops. Part II recommends specific topical sites that are well organized and updated regularly.

Suggested Sources for Images and Maps of the Civil War

We have a number of digital images imbedded within our Library’s website that our customers can view and photocopy for educational use. Permission to reproduce our images for publication and appearance in works produced by others must be granted by the Beaufort County Library per policy of the Library Board of Trustees. For additional information, please contact Grace Cordial, Historical Resources Coordinator, Beaufort County Library, 843-255-6446 or gracec@bcgov.net .

SCIway hosts a number of online maps on its site found at http://www.sciway.net/hist/maps/ .

Port Royal Sound – circa 1860 -

City map of Beaufort – circa 1860 (with sites of Civil War hospitals)

Map of Saint Helena Sound compiled from U.S. Coast Survey – 1861 -.

Port Royal entrance – 1862

Port Royal entrance and Hilton Head Island – 1862

Beaufort River – Compiled from U.S. Coast Survey – 1864

Trigonometrical survey of Saint Helena Sound – 1864

Broad River – Beaufort and Jasper Counties – 1865 -

LEGEND TO MATERIALS LOCATION

BDC = Beaufort District Collection

BEA= Beaufort Branch

BLU = Bluffton Branch

HHI = Hilton Head Branch

LOB = Lobeco Branch

STH = St. Helena Branch

Charlotte Forten, 1837 – 1914

Suggested resources

Citation
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The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of our area. Charlotte Forten (later Grimke) was a Northern teacher to the former enslaved people of Beaufort District during the Port Royal Experiment.
Latest Revision 9 February 2012

Charlotte Forten Grimke, (1837 – 1914) : A List of Resources
in the Beaufort County Library, SC

 

Web based resources: 

Biography Resource Center database (DISCUS, password required for access from home)  

Cross Searchable Products, DISCUS databases (DISCUS password required for access from home)  

History Reference Center database, (EBSCO password required for access from home)  

“Only a Schoolhouse:  Education Pioneers” http://www.pbs.org/onlyateacher/charlotte.html.


Charlotte Forten: Biography by the Biography Channel.

Charlotte Forten Grimke, 1837 – 1914 by the National Women’s History Museum

Charlotte Forten Enters Salem Normal School March 13, 1855 in Mass Moments
 

Come to the Beaufort District Collection to see these items: 

  • SC B FORTEN A tribute to Charlotte Forten by Roberta Hughes Wright
  • SC B FORTEN Charlotte Forten, Black and free by Polly Longsworth 
  • Grimke, Charlotte Lottie Forten (1837-1914) [BDC Vertical File]
  • Grimke Family [BCD Vertical File]
  • SC 371.1 JOU The Journals of Charlotte Forten Grimke edited by Brenda Stevenson (BDC, HHI SC)

Check out these materials from the Beaufort County Library: 

973.7 WOR Words for the hour: A New Anthology of American Civil War Poetry edited by Faith Barrett, contains Forten’s poem, “The Two Voices,” on pp. 41 -44.  (BEA)

975.799 SPI Beaufort, South Carolina : Pages from the Past by Gerhard Spieler. (ALL)    

791.43 CHA Charlotte Forten’s mission [videorecording]. (HHI)  

REF 370 WIL I dare not fail : notable African American women educators by Mary Wilds. (BEA, BLU) 

371.1 JOU The journal of Charlotte L. Forten by Charlotte Forten (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI)

Pirates of the Lowcountry

A Guide to Resources in the Beaufort County Library

Citation
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Authors

Abstract

The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of our area. The era of the pirates and privateers is a critical part of that history.
Prepared by Grace Morris Cordial, MLS, SL Beaufort District Collection Manager.
Created: 11 September 2008;
Latest update: 23 November 2011

Pirates of the Lowcountry

A Guide to Resources in the Beaufort County Library

 

Online Resources:

  • The National Maritime Museum of Greenwich, London, England has a webpage entitled “Pirates” within their “Ships, seafarers & life at sea” section. 

You can check out these materials from Beaufort County Library:

359 BUT Pirates, privateers & rebel raiders of the Carolina coast by Lindley S. Butler.(HHI)

364.1 SHE Raiders and rebels: the golden age of piracy by Frank Sherry. (BEA, HHI)

910.45 COR Under the black flag: the romance and the reality of life among the pirates by David Cordingly. (BEA, BLU)

910.4 PIR Pirates: terror on the high seas, from the Caribbean to the South China Sea edited by David Cordingly. (BEA)

910.4 ROG Pirates!: brigands, buccaneers, and privateers in fact, fiction, and legend by Jan Rogoziński. (BEA, HHI)

910.45 CON Pirates and raiders of the Southern shore by T. D. Conner. (HHI, BDC)

910.45 EAR
The pirate wars by Peter Earle. (BLU)

910.45 HUG The Carolina pirates and colonial commerce, 1670-1740 by Shirley Carter Hughson. (BLU, BDC)

910.45 KON Piracy: the complete history by Angus Konstam. (BLU)

910.45 ROB Blackbeard and other pirates of the Atlantic coast by Nancy Roberts. (BEA, BDC, HHI)

J 910.45 ZEP Pirates of the Carolinas for kids by Terrance Zepke. (LOB)

972.9 WOO The Spanish Main: The Seafarers by Peter Wood and the Editors of Time-Life Books (BLU)

975.7 GRA Planters, pirates & patriots: historical tales from the South Carolina Grand Strand by Rod Gragg. (BEA, HHI)

975.7 HAS A Primary Source history of the colony of South Carolina by Heather Hasan. (BLU)
    Chapter 4: “Pirates, Rebellion, and War.” 

975.7 MCC The history of South Carolina under the proprietary government, 1670-1719 by Edward McCrady (BEA, BDC)

975.799 ROW The history of Beaufort County, South Carolina: Volume 1, 1514-1861 by Lawrence S. Rowland, Alexander Moore, George C. Rogers, Jr. (ALL)
    See in particular, pp. 26-27, 44-46, 50, 58, 63, 148-149, 151, 155, 176, 186, 212, 229, 247-248; for French        privateers, see 20, 22-23, 32-33, 40, 42-43, 147-148, 151; for Spanish privateers, see 141, 145, 147-151,         154-155. 

Come to the BDC Research Room to see these items:

  Please note that materials available only through the Beaufort District Collection (BDC) are not available for checkout.            Normal visiting hours are Monday – Friday: 10:00AM – 5:00PM; the BDC is closed on Saturday and Sunday.


According to the South Carolina Encyclopedia‘s entry on “Piracy.  Piracy flourished on the South Carolina coast chiefly in two periods: the early proprietary years (1670-1700) and at the end of the ‘Golden Age of Piracy’ (1716-1720)….Pirates, most of whom began their commerce raiding as legal war-time privateers, thrived” in the uncertain circumstances caused by a weak proprietary government during a period of political unrest and military threats to the English colony from Native Americans, the Spanish and the French.

B JOHNSON Robert Johnson, proprietary & royal Governor of South Carolina by Richard P. Sherman. (BDC only)

SC 387.5 COK Charleston’s maritime heritage, 1670-1865: an illustrated history by P.C. Coker III. (BDC, HH SC only)

SC 364.13 SOU Collections by the South Carolina Historical Society, pp. 206, 239, 249, and 264. (BDC only)

SC 910.45 MAR Mary Long’s yesteryear Skull and crossbones: South Carolina’s infamous pirates [DVD] (BDC only)

SC 910.45 SPE Shipwrecks, pirates & privateers: sunken treasures of the upper South Carolina coast, 1521-1865 by E. Lee Spence. (BDC only)

SC 975.703 JAC Privateers in Charleston, 1793-1796; an account of a French palatinate in South Carolina [by] Melvin H. Jackson. (BDC only)

Piracy (vertical file)

Visit your local Beaufort County Library branch today!  

Clara Barton, 1821 – 1912

Suggested resources

Citation
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Abstract

The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of our area. This bibliography was prepared by Staff in the Beaufort District Collection, Beaufort County Library. Creation date: 6 November 2008; Latest update 9 November 2011

Barton, Clara, 1821 – 1912
A Bibliography 

Prepared by the Beaufort District Collection of the Beaufort County Library a division of Beaufort County Government, Beaufort, South Carolina. 

                                                       Online Resources:

History Reference Center database (EBSCO password required for access from home)  

Biography Resource Center database (DISCUS password required for access from home)  Magazine and journal articles about Clara Barton are available inside DISCUS (DISCUS password required for access from home)  

“Clara Barton’s Missing Soldiers Office,” posted at http://www.civilwarmed.org/clara-barton-missing-soldiers-office/.

“Profiles in Caring:  Clara Barton, 1821 – 1912” posted at http://www.nahc.org/NAHC/Val/Columns/SC10-1.html 
“Clara Barton, Founder of the Red Cross” posted at http://www.redcross.org/museum/history/ClaraBarton.asp

The Civil War Preservation Trust has posted a Gifted and Talented curriculum packet on Clara Barton at http://telegraph.civilwar.org/education/curriculum/Gifted%20and%20Talented/CWPT%20Gifted%20Curriculum%20-%20Clara%20Barton.pdf. 
 

Clara Barton National Historic Site, by the National Parks Service Media online http://www.nps.gov/clba/photosmultimedia/photogallery.htm

 

An interactive tour of her home is available through the National Parks Service at   http://www.nps.gov/features/clba/feat0001/flash.html.  (Her house was built to also be the Red Cross Headquarters so every space is used up and she makes very unusual building material choices.  Way cool!) 

     Teachers, please note:  Activity 7 for Grades 5 – up has a good example of the difference between primary and secondary sources
 
“Nurturing a Nation: A Salute to Red Cross Founder Clara Barton,” Common Ground: Preserving our Nation’s Heritage, National Parks Service, Summer 2010, pp. 12 – 17.  Download a PDF of the Summer issue at http://commonground.cr.nps.gov/PDF/67533.pdf.
 

       

Check out these materials from the Beaufort County Library: 

B BARTON A Woman of Valor: Clara Barton and the Civil War by Stephen B. Oates, 1994 (BEA, BLU)      

920.7 GRE Great Women in American History, vol.1 [VHS] by Devin Stead, 1996 (BLU, HHI)

Please visit your local Beaufort County Library branch or the Beaufort District Collection to view or borrow these materials.  Please note that materials available only through the Beaufort District Collection (BDC) are not available for checkout. 


                          Come to the Beaufort District Collection to see these items: 

  • BDC PRINT COLLECTION #20A, 20B, & 20C “The relief work among South Carolina Sea-Islanders,” by B. F. Tillinghast, Harper’s Weekly, [1894]
  • Barton, Clara (1821-1912) [BDC Vertical File]
  • SC 361.7 BAR The Red Cross : a history of this remarkable international movement in the interest of humanity by Clara Barton, 1898
  • SC B BARTON A story of the Red Cross by Clara Barton, 1928

Battle of Port Royal, 1861

A Selective Guide to Resources in the Beaufort County Library system

Citation
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Authors

Abstract

Resources available in the Beaufort County Library system, a division of Beaufort County Government of Beaufort, South Carolina. Prepared by Grace Morris Cordial, Beaufort District Collection Manager.
Creation date: 11 September 2008
Latest update: 8 November 2011

Battle of Port Royal, 1861: A Selective Guide to Resources

Visit your local Beaufort County Library to view or borrow some of the selected materials about the Battle of Port Royal, 1861.  Legend to library locations is at the bottom. 

Online Resources:

“Rehearsal for Reconstruction,” by Michael Shapiro, New York Times Opinionator blog, Nov. 6, 2011, is found at http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/11/06/rehearsal-for-reconstruction/.

“Battle of Port Royal” by History Net is found at http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-port-royal.htm.

The Heritage Library Foundation on Hilton Head Island has posted a short online article about Fort Walker at http://www.heritagelib.org/articles/fort-walker.

“Battle of Port Royal, SC” by Mike Stroud is online at http://www.civilwaralbum.com/misc13/portroyal1.htm

“The Attack on Fort Walker and Fort Beauregard,” images from Harper’s Weekly, November 30, 1861 is found at http://www.sonofthesouth.net/leefoundation/civil-war/1861/november/attack-fort-walker-beauregard.htm

Text and image of the historical marker at Fort Walker http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=16519

Interior of Fort Beauregard, St. Phillips Island, South Carolina Date by W. T. Crane, Graphite on paper, no date.  The Boston College University Libraries has posted a digital image of the original drawing at http://dcollections.bc.edu/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=23676&local_base=GEN01

Bay Point, South Carolina. Fort Beauregard, 1861 by Timothy O’Sullivan is an image posted by the Library of Congress at http://www.loc.gov/pictures/item/cwp2003004675/PP/.

An article about “Fort Welles” (formerly called Fort Walker) is found at http://fortwiki.com/Fort_Welles.

“Map of Portions of seacoast of South Carolina & Georgia, in possession of the United States, Dec. 12, 1861”  is available online through the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Agency Photo Library at http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05193.htm. 

Click on the “High Resolution Photo Available” in order to study and zoom in on the map.  The map is from The National Archives Coast and Geodetic Survey archive. Other maps in this series available online from NOAA are:

Plans and Views of Rebel Defences coast of South Carolina. Drawn by E.Willenbucher. Views include Fort Walker, Hilton Head Island; Fort on Botany Bay Island; Fort on Sams Point, Coosaw River; Fort on Bay Point, South Edison River; Fort Beauregard – Bay Point; Fort on Otter Island Point – St. Helena Sound and Fort on Fenwick’s Island http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05197.htm.

View of Fort Walker – Hilton Head Island from cgs05197 “Plans and Views of Rebel Defences coast of South Carolina” http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05198.htm

Published view of Fort Walker – Hilton Head Island, S.C. from cgs05212. Published view of Fort Walker – Hilton Head Island, S.C. from cgs05212 http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05199.htm

Plan and view of Fort Beauregard – Bay Point, S.C. from cgs05197 http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05200.htm

Published plan and view of Fort “Beauregard” – Bay Point, S.C. from cgs05212 http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05201.htm

Blowup plan and view of Fort on Otter Island Point – St. Helena Sound, S.C. from cgs05197 http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05204.htm

Plan and view of Fort Otter Island Point – St. Helena Sound, S.C. from cgs05212 http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05205.htm

View of Fort on Sams’ Point, Coosaw River, S.C. from cgs05197 http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05206.htm

View of Fort on Sam’s Point, Coosaw River, S.C. from cgs05212 http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05207.htm

Blowup ground plan and view of Fort on Bay Point – South Edison River, S.C. from cgs05197. http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05210.htm

Smoother version blowup ground pland and view of Fort on Bay Point – South Edison River, S.C. from cgs05212 http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05211.htm

Blowup view of Fort on Fenwick’s Island, S.C. from cgs05197 http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05208.htm

Smoother version blowup ground pland and view of Fort on Bay Point – South Edison River, S.C. from cgs05212 http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05209.htm

Smoother version of “Plans and Views of Rebel Defences coast of South Carolina.” See cgs05197 for the original copy.  http://www.photolib.noaa.gov/htmls/cgs05212.htm

You can check out these materials from Beaufort County Library:

973.7 HIG  The Complete Civil War Journal and Selected Letters of Thomas Wentworth Higginson edited by Christopher Looby, 2000. (BDC, HHI, LOB)  See the index for “Port Royal, South Carolina,” “Port Royal Expedition,” and perhaps “Port Royal Experiment.”  The Port Royal Experiment refers to the presence of missionary teachers in the area who were trying to improve the lot of the local newly freed slaves.

973.7 JOH  Touring the Carolinas’ Civil War Sites by Clint Johnson, 1996. (BDC, HHI, STH) ”The Sea Islands Tour,” a driving tour of approximately 105 miles, is found on pp. [276]-295.

973.73 CAR  Department of the South:  Hilton Head Island in the Civil War by Robert Carse, 1961. (ALL) During the Civil War era, “Port Royal” referred to Hilton Head, as well as all the Union occupied area around the Port Royal Sound.  This title is the place one should start to understand the scope of the Union undertaking and Union installation in lowcountry South Carolina. 

973.731 KOZ  Eve of Emancipation: The Union Occupation of Beaufort and the Sea Islands by Ginnie Kozak, 1996. (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI)

973.75 WIS  Lifeline of the Confederacy: Blockade Running During the Civil War by Stephen R. Wise, 1988. (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI) The value of Port Royal harbor is mentioned on pp. 17 and 219.

973.7757 CIV  The Civil War in South Carolina: Selections from the South Carolina Historical Magazine edited by Lawrence S. Rowland and Stephen G. Hoffius, 2011. (ALL) If you read only one book about the Civil War during the Sesquicentennial, I recommend that this is the book you read.  The editors did yeoman’s work scouring the 112 volumes of the South Carolina Historical Magazine for representative articles. Beaufort District’s unique history during the Civil War and Reconstruction eras is featured in the Sea Islands section.

973.7757 CLA   A History of the 15th South Carolina Infantry, 1861 – 1865 by James B. Clary, 2007. (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI, LOB) This volume is a very fine unit history of the 15th SC Infantry, CSA.  The biographical data compiled about the individual members of the unit is impressive.

973.7757 CRO  Lee in the Lowcountry: Defending Charleston & Savannah, 1861-1862 by Daniel J. Crooks, Jr. (Civil War Sesquicentennial Series), 2008. (ALL)

973.7757 SCH  A Scratch with the Rebels: a Pennsylvania Roundhead and a South Carolina Cavalier by Carolyn Poling Schriber. [2007].  (BDC, BEA)

973.77579 COK  The Battle of Port Royal by Michael D. Coker. (Civil War Sesquicentennial Series), 2009. (ALL) Start with this book for an overview of the battle’s timeline, significant personnel, and summary. 

973.77579 DAR  Civil War Tours of the Low Country: Beaufort, Hilton Head and  Bluffton, South Carolina by David D’Arcy, 2008. (ALL)

975.799 BAX  No prouder fate: the story of the 11th South Carolina Volunteer Infantry  by Neil Baxley. 2005, 2009.  (BDC, BEA, BLU) Three companies of this unit fought in the Battle of Port Royal Sound. 

REF 975.799 FOR  The Forgotten History: A photographic essay on Civil War Hilton Head Island edited by Charles C. McCracken and Faith M. McCracken, 1993. (BDC, BLU, HHI)  Photographs tell the story of the large federal installation on Hilton Head Island during the Civil War years. 

975.799 HIL  Hilton Head Island [DVD]: a television history: 10,000 years ago to present day by Palmetto Pictures in association with the Southeastern Ecological Institute. [2006?], c1996 (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI, LOB)  Episode 3: The Gullahs in Slavery and Freedom follows the trade of slaves from Africa to coastal South Carolina. It looks at the effects of the Battle of Port Royal on slaves and examines the formation and development of Gullah culture in the Sea Islands.

975.799 JON  Port Royal Under Six Flags: The story of the Sea Islands by Katharine M. Jones, 1960. (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI, LOB) See “Part X: The Port Royal Expedition,” pp. 209-234. 

Come to the Beaufort District Collection to see these items:

SC 973.7 LAM  Lamson of the Gettysburg:  The Civil War Letters of Lieutenant Roswell H. Lamson, U.S. Navy edited by James M. McPherson and Patricia R. McPherson, 1997. (BDC) Lamson discusses the Union capture of Port Royal Sound in his letters on pages 36 and 40 -52.

SC 973.7 TRI  A Survey of Civil War Fortifications in Charleston, Beaufort, Berkeley, Hampton, and Jasper Counties, South Carolina by Michael Trinkley and Sara Fick, 2000. (BDC) This might be useful when locating batteries or entrenchments mentioned in other works. We do not allow photocopying of the information included in this document.  We do not encourage or abet removal of archaeological artifacts. 

SC 973.7 WAR  War Letters, 1862-1865 of John Chipman Gray and John Codman Ropes, 1927. (BDC) Letter of June 27, 1863, p. 138, has the author agreeing with Emil Schalk that holding Port Royal was “perfect folly.”  Schalk wrote Campaigns of 1862 and 1863, Illustrating the Principles of Strategy in 1863. 

SC 973.73 BOL  Soldiers, Sailors, Slaves and Ships: The Civil War Photographs of Henry P. Moore edited by W. Jeffrey Bolster and Hilary Anderson, 1999. (BDC, HHI) The photographs show daily life of the soldiers stationed on the Sea Islands and includes some photographs taken aboard ships docked in the Port Royal Sound.

SC 973.731 VIE  The Port Royal Expedition, 1861: The First Union Victory of the Civil War by Egbert L. Viele, 1885. (BDC) Note: This item is fragile.  Photocopying is strictly prohibited. 

SC 973.75 AMM  The Atlantic Coast (The Navy in the Civil War) by Daniel Ammen, 1883. (BDC)  See Vol. 2, Chapter 2, “The Port Royal Expedition,” pp. 13-45. 

SC 973.75 ORV  In South Carolina Waters, 1861-1865 by Maxwell Clayton Orvin, 1961. (BDC)  See particularly pp. 27-29 for a listing of ships involved in the “Battle of Port Royal Sound.” 

SC 973.75 UNI  Civil War Naval Chronology, 1861-1865 (3 volumes) by the United States Navy, 1961. (BDC) See pp. 28-41 of part 1-3 for the events of October, November, and December 1861. 

SC 973.782 LU  War Letters of William Thompson Lusk, 1911. (BDC) Letters written from Port Royal and “The Port Royal Expedition under the command of General Thos. W. Sherman, started from Hampton Roads, Oct. 29, 1861” begins on p. 89.  Other sections are entitled: “Naval Engagement at Port Royal under the command of Commodore Saml. F. Dupont, Nov. 7, 1861,” “The Occupation of Beaufort, Dec. 9, 1861,” and “Action at Port Royal Ferry, Jan. 1, 1862.”  Note:  This item is fragile.  Photocopying is strictly prohibited. 

SC 975.799 BAR  Beaufort and the Civil War, 1861-1865: including the first settlement of the Port Royal area 1562 by John H. Bartlett, 1993. (BDC)  Contains two short articles about the history of the Beaufort area.  The first fourteen pages of this booklet cover the Battle of Port Royal Sound. 

SC 975.799 NOR  Two Weeks at Port Royal by Charles Nordhoff, 1863. (BDC)                 

SC 973.7757 SEI VOL.1 South Carolina’s Military Organizations During the War Between the States by Robert S. Seigler. Volume 1: The Lowcountry and Pee Dee, 2008. (BDC)

SC 975.6 MOR The Civil War in the Carolinas by Dan L. Morrill, 2002. (BDC)

Illustrations and Maps

SC PRINT #6  Expedition to Port Royal.–government buildings erected on Hilton Head, S. C., by the Federal Forces under General Sherman, 1861-2. / from a sketch by our special artist with General Sherman’s command. [1862?] “Our illustration of the Government buildings erected on Hilton Head, S.C., embrace the following points of interest: Commissary’s Quarters, built by the Confederates; Post Sutler’s, built by the Confederates; Camp of the Eighth Maine regiment; butcher’s yard; Camp of the Third New Hampshire regiment; Camp of the Forty-eighth New York regiment; Provost Marshal Major Beard’s quarters and Provost Marshal’s guard; General Viele’s headquarters; General Sherman’s headquarters; Captain Pothouse’s (Assistant Adjutant-general) headquarters; lodging house, built by the Confederates; bakery; unfinished building; Captain Saxton’s office, and other Government offices, formerly Generals Drayton and Wright’s headquarters.”

SC PRINT #9A; SC PRINT #9B  Exterior view of fortifications erected by the Federal troops at Hilton Head, Port Royal Harbor, S. C.: The Soldier in our Civil War: [1862] from a sketch by W. T. Crane.  “Exterior view” scene depicts Union encampment with soldiers drilling, making trenches, canons and supply carts. “Interior view” shows Union troops carrying, stacking, and loading canon balls.

SC PRINT #21  Port Royal Expedition: The morning detail of the Fourth New Hampshire Volunteers going to work on the Hilton Head Fortification: Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper: Jan. 25, 1862.

SC PRINT #32  The Southern Expedition : view from the interior of Fort Welles, late Fort Walker, Hilton Head Island, looking inland, showing the defenses from the land side : Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper: Dec. 21, 1861from a sketch by our special artist.

SC PRINT #33  The Great Naval Expedition: view of the interior of Fort Walker, Port Royal Harbor, S. C. during the bombardment by the vessels of the National fleet, November 7: Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper : Nov. 30, 1861 from a sketch by our special artist taken on the spot.

SC PRINT #46  Expedition to Port Royal.–government buildings erected on Hilton Head, S. C., by the Federal Forces under General Sherman, 1861-2 from a sketch by our special artist with General Sherman’s command. This item is a 1/2 page, with just this illustration cut out from what appears to be a Civil War newspaper.

SC PRINT #62  The Great Naval Expedition–The landing of the U. S. troops at Fort Walker, Port Royal Harbor, S. C., after its evacuation by the Rebel forces on the afternoon of November 7: Frank Leslie’s Illustrated Newspaper: Nov. 30, 1861 from a sketch by our special artist taken on the spot.

SC PRINT #67A; SC PRINT #67AB  Scene in the parlor of Mr. Barnwell’s house at Beaufort, South Carolina: Harper’s Weekly: A Journal of Civilization: January 18, 1862 sketched by our special artist. The top half of the page is the line engraving “Port Royal Ferry, scene of the Battle of First January, 1862″ (with an accompanying article on the reverse side) and the lower half comprised of the title image, showing freed blacks whooping it up inside the abandoned house of their [probable] former owner/master.

SC PRINT #88  General Stevens’ Brigade taking possession of Beaufort, S. C., on the evening of December 5, 1861: The Civil War in the United States, 1861? “The beautiful rural town of Beaufort, S. C., came into possession of the Union authorities as a result of the battle of Port Royal. It had been occupied as the headquarters of General Thomas F. Drayton, commander of the army of defence [sic] on Port Royal Sound. The place had been abandoned by all the white inhabitants save one man, who sat in the post-office when the Union troops appeared on the scene. To him was delivered the message of Commodore Du Pont announcing that the life and property of the people would be respected. General Stevens’ brigade assumed the duties of police to maintain order. It comprised the following regiments: Eighth Michigan, Seventy-ninth New York Highlanders, Fiftieth and One Hundredth Pennsylvania. The last named was known as the ‘Roundhead’ regiment.”

SC PRINT #92  Die Expedition nach Port Royal. — Seabrook Lantung am Scull Creek auf Hilton Head Inlet, S. C.: Frank Leslie’s Illuftrirte Zeitung = [The Port Royal Expedition: Seabrook Landing at Skull Creek on Hilton Head Island, SC: Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper], [1862?]

SC PRINT #94  Retreat of the Confederate garrison, commanded by General Drayton, from Fort Walker to Bluffton, during the bombardment by the Federal fleet, on the afternoon of November 7th, 1861. Text below caption title at bottom of page: “After gallantly enduring the fire of our invincible navy, under Commander Dupont, for about four hours, in the course of which the destroying circle of our ships was getting nearer and nearer to the devoted forts, General Drayton gave orders for the retirement of his men. The retreat soon ripened into a flight, and a flight which eclipsed even that of Bull Run. The chivalry of South Carolina, which, according to Governor Pickens’s account, is born insensible to fear, in flying from Fort Walker to Scull Creek–which separates Hilton Head from the Mainland, on which Bluffton stands–threw everything away. The exact path of their flight was encumbered with accoutrements, arms of every description, knapsacks–in a word, everything that could facilitate a flying soldier’s speed had been thrown away as worthless.” Reverse pages with caption titles: p. 103: “Effect of the gunboat shells on the Confederates in the woods, Port Royal, S. C., January 1st, 1862.”; “Death of the Confederate General Zollicoffer, in the battle of Mill Spring, KY., January 19th, 1862.” and Page 106: “Battle of Pittsburg Landing–burning the dead horses near the peach orchard.”; “Gathering Confederate oats–an incident in the March of General Prentiss’s Division from Ironton to Cape Girardeau.”

SC MAP #345  Plan of the naval battle, Port Royal Harbor, 1861 by G. Woolworth Colton. Includes Ft. Walker (Hilton Head Island), U.S. gun boats, Broad River, “line of attack”, ship channel to Beaufort, transports, Joiner’s Bank, Station Creek, Ft. Beauregard (St. Philips Island), Cole’s Cape, and Rebel gun boats.

Beaufort County Historical Society Papers

The Beaufort County Historical Society has placed some of the papers presented during its meetings for the public to use in the Beaufort District Collection, Beaufort County Library.  The papers are present in one or more formats.  Copies of some of the papers are held in typescript folders, on 16mm microfilm, and/or as hardbound copies.   

975.799 BAR  The Battles of Beaufort by Nathaniel Berners Barnwell. 

    • Presented to the Beaufort County Historical Society, January 23, 1945.
    • Available at: BDC, BEA (on microfilm); HHI (on microfilm)
    • See pp. 9-17 concerning the “second” Battle of Beaufort, aka The Battle of Port Royal Sound. 

#4.  Beaufort in the Civil War by Howard E. Danner.

    • Presented to the Beaufort County Historical Society, June 30, 1960.
    • Available at:  BDC, BEA, HHI (on microfilm)
    • Contents of this paper include Plates of the battle and some photographs of the town made around the time of the occupation.  Note:  Hard copies of this paper no longer exist.  It may be difficult to read. Photocopies made from the microfilm tend to be blurred. 

#68. Port Royal Military History by Stephen R. Wise

    • Presented to the Beaufort County Historical Society, January 27, 1987.
    • Available at: BDC, BEA (on microfilm); HHI (on microfilm)
    • Includes brief information regarding the Battle of Port Royal during the Civil War.  The paper details all military activity on Port Royal starting with the settlement of the Spanish in 1526.

BDC Room Vertical Files

·        Beaufort Volunteer Artillery

·        Port Royal, Battle of, 1861

·        Port Royal—History

LEGEND TO Locations

BDC = Beaufort District Collection

BEA = Beaufort Branch

BLU = Bluffton Branch

HHI = Hilton Head Branch

LOB = Lobeco Branch

STH = St. Helena Branch

History of Bluffton, South Carolina

A Selective Annotated Bibliography (Latest update: 27 October 2011).

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Abstract

The Beaufort District Collection (BDC) exists to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history, culture, and environment of our part of the South Carolina lowcountry, including the Bluffton area. Resources available in the Beaufort County Library system, a division of Beaufort County Government. Prepared by staff of the Beaufort District Collection.
Latest update 27 October 2011.

History of Bluffton, SC

A selective bibliography prepared by staff of the Beaufort District Collection, Beaufort County Library, a division of Beaufort County Government.

Legend to materials location at bottom.

Online Resources

  • “The Devil’s Elbow Barony,” by Henry A. M. Smith, South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine, vol. 13, no. 3, July 1912, pp. 119 – 215 is available online at http://www.jstor.org/stable/27575336.

Print copies of the entire run of the South Carolina Historical and Genealogical Magazine are held in                 the BDC. HHI has the article on microfiche. This article was reprinted in The baronies of South                         Carolina by Henry A. M. Smith. (BDC). This article is also included in The Historical Writings of Henry                 A.M. Smith: Articles from the South Carolina Historical (and Genealogical) Magazine under call                         number 975.702 SMI at BLU and HHI. 

Borrow these materials from one of our libraries

  • B HOWIE. The Bluffton Charge: One Preacher’s Struggle for Civil Rights by Stephen S. Howie, 2000.   (BLU, HHI)
    • Describes some events of the Civil Rights movement in Bluffton surrounding the lives of Rev. and Mrs. John Howie.
  • 728.8579 MAR Northern Money, Southern Land: the Lowcountry Plantation Sketches of Chlotilde R. Martin, edited by Robert B. Cuthbert and Stephen G. Hoffius, 2009.  (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI) 

    • Reprints the newspaper articles that Martin wrote during the 1940s and provides updates to 2009 regarding subsequent ownership and history of the land. 

  • 917.5799 GUI. A Guide to Historic Bluffton by Bluffton Historical Preservation Society, 2007 (ALL)

    • Brief history of Bluffton Historical Preservation Society and Bluffton Town.  Contains brief descriptions and historical information of houses in the Bluffton historic district. 
  • 975.799 FRI. Bluffton and the Okatie by Nellie Hasell Fripp. Unpublished, 1951. (BLU)
    • History of Bluffton Town from 1841 to 1951 through oral histories of prominent town folk.  This account details the history of the white, Bluffton elite. 
  • 975.799 ING. A Corner of Carolina: The Four Seasons in Hilton Head Island, Beaufort, and Bluffton by Edith Inglesby, 1968. (BEA, BLU, HHI)
    • An account of the history of the area specifically detailing the natural history.  Short references to historically significant people, places, and events. 
  • 975.799 LON. A Longer Short History of Bluffton, South Carolina and its Environs by  Bluffton Historical Preservation Society, Inc., 1988. (BEA, BLU, HHI)
    • Explains the history of Bluffton, South Carolina from European settlement to the Civil War. Relates the history and architecture of Bluffton’s antebellum buildings and buildings dating during the time period between the Civil War and World War I.  A map is included to help you find these historically relevant buildings. 
  • 975.799 MAR. Remembering the Way it Was at Hilton Head, Bluffton and Daufuskie by Fran Heyward Marscher, 2005.  (ALL)
    • Oral histories of the 20th century.  This compilation includes a variety of accounts from peoples of differing ages, social, and political backgrounds. 
  • 975.799 MAR. Remembering the Way it Was Volume Two: More Stories from Hilton Head, Bluffton and Daufuskie by Fran Heyward Marscher, 2007. (ALL)
    • Oral histories of the 20th century.  This compilation includes a variety of accounts from peoples of differing ages, social, and political backgrounds. 
  • 975.799 SHO.  A Short History of the Early Days of Bluffton South Carolina by Bluffton Historical Preservation Society, Inc., 1983. (BEA, BLU)
    • Explains the history of Bluffton, South Carolina from European settlement to the Civil War.  Relates the history and architecture of a few historically significant buildings.  Includes a map of burned houses during the Union attack on June 4, 1863 as well as correspondence and Army Reports in relation to the incident.
       

                          Visit the BDC to see these materials

  • 283.757 CHU. The Church of the Cross: An Episcopal Parish in Bluffton, South Carolina. Unpublished, 2004. 
    • Provides history of Bluffton from 1854-2004 through the activities and members of The Church of the Cross.  Also contains “The First One Hundred Years of History” a sermon presented by Rev. Albert Sidney Thomas at the 100th Anniversary of the church which details the general history of the area known as Bluffton. 
  • 912.75799 BEA V.1. Bluffton Street Index by Beaufort County GIS Department. Unpublished, 2006.
    • Detailed mapping of Bluffton’s streets.  Includes divisions for parceled land, but does not provide any land owner information.  Contains a street finding guide. 
  • 975.79 BRE. Summer Migrations and Resorts of South Carolina Low-Country Planters by Lawrence Fay Brewster, 1947.
    • Chapter II: “To ‘The Salt’” includes information about the Sea Island Resorts of Beaufort County including Kirk’s Bluff, the earlier name for Bluffton.           

Archaeological Reports

SC 975.7 ADA Intensive survey of 1.8 acres, Bluffton, Beaufort County, South Carolina by Natalie Adams, 1995.

SC  975.7 ADA Intensive survey of the Bluffton to Hilton Head Island transmission line, Beaufort County, South Carolina by Natalie Adams, 1994.

SC 975.799 ATZ Little house on the bluff: data recovery excavations at the Horskins Site (38BU1381), Palmetto Bluff, Beaufort County, South Carolina by prepared for Palmetto Bluff, LLC by Leiellen Atz . . . et al., 2005.

SC 975.799 BRI Cultural resources inventory of Belfair’s Buckwalter Tract, Beaufort County, South Carolina prepared for Belfair Plantation, Bluffton, SC by Kara Bridgman, Archaeologist and Bruce Harvey, Historian, under the direction of Eric C. Poplin, Principal Investigator.

SC 975.799 FLE “Meet, O Lord, on the Milk-White Horse”: archaeological data recovery at Rephraim Plantation Sites 38BU1385 and 38BU1803: Palmetto Bluff, Beaufort County South Carolina: USACE P/N 2001-1G-426-C; OCRM Permi prepared for Palmetto Bluff, LLC by Joshua N. Fletcher . . . et al., 2005.

SC 975.799 HUD Late archaic settlement on the May River: data recovery at the Tree Runner Site (38BU1800), Beaufort County, South Carolina prepared for Palmetto Bluff, LLC by Connie M. Huddleston . . . et al., 2005.

SC 975.799 INT Intensive cultural resources survey for the proposed extension to Bluffton Parkway (Phase 5-B), Beaufort County, South Carolina prepared for Florence & Hutcheson, Inc., Columbia, SC, on behalf of Beaufort County, SC by Legacy Research Associates.  Draft Report, 2006.

SC 975.799 LAN Cultural resources survey of the Olde Mill Run Tract, Beaufort County, South Carolina prepared for Olde Mill Run LLC by Brent Landsdell, Archaeologist and Jason Ellerbee, Historian under the direction of Eric C. Popin, Principal Investigator.  Draft report, 2005.

SC 975.799 POP Montpelier Plantation (38BU1789): Antebellum Life at Palmetto Bluff: Final Report by prepared for Palmetto Bluff, LLC by Eric C. Poplin . . . et al., 2004.

SC 975.799 SCH Phase II Archaeological Testing of Site 38BU1944 in the Managed Forest of Palmetto Bluff: Town of Bluffton, Beaufort County South Carolina: Permit 2004-16-360: Final Report prepared for Crescent Resources, LLC by Ellen Shlasko and Mary C. Socci, 2008.

SC 975.799 SCH Theus Plantation: Phase II Archaeological Testing at sites 38BU1376, 38BU1377, 38BU2017 and 38BU2020: Palmetto Bluff: Town of Bluffton, Beaufort County, South Carolina: Permit 2004-16-360 prepared for Palmetto Bluff Uplands, LLC by Ellen Shlasko and Mary C. Socci, 2007.

SC 975.799 SOC Phase II Archaeological Testing of Long Island: Palmetto Bluff: Town of Bluffton, Beaufort County South Carolina: Final Report prepared for Crescent Resources, LLC by Mary C. Socci and Ellen Shlasko, 2010.

Vertical Files

In addition to maintaining an extensive vertical file collection including Bluffton-specific topics of interest, the Beaufort District Collection also maintains the following general files pertaining to Bluffton:

  • Bluffton
  • Bluffton Historical Preservation Society, Inc.
  • Bluffton Movement  (See Rhett, Robert Barnwell)
  • Sun City Hilton Head
  • Beaufort County Library – Bluffton Branch

Maps

The Beaufort District Collection houses a variety of maps depicting the South Carolina coastline and Bluffton, SC in particular.  Search our online catalog for details.    

Images

Most images are not cataloged. There is, however, a guide to the postcard and illustrated prints collections within the Research Room.  The illustrated prints collection (approximately 150 – 200 images) are listed in the Library system’s online catalog.  Please consult with the librarian.  

Legend to Materials Locations:

BDC= Beaufort District Collection
BEA= Beaufort Branch Library
BLU= Bluffton Branch Library
HHI= Hilton Head Branch Library
LOB= Lobeco Branch Library
STH= St. Helena Branch Library

Beaufort District Collection

A department of the Beaufort County Library, Beaufort County Government

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The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of the area of lowcountry South Carolina known as the old historic Beaufort District.

These Knols are provided by the Beaufort District Collection of the Beaufort County Library, a division of Beaufort County Government of Beaufort, South Carolina, USA.  All articles are written by current or past staff members.  For more information, contact us at (843) 255-6446.  Visit us on the 2nd floor of the Beaufort County Library building at 311 Scott Street, Beaufort, SC 29902; Monday – Friday 10am – 5pm.  Visit our blog & our website to learn more.

James Edwin McTeer, Jr., 1903 – 1979

Latest Update: 18 August 2011

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The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of our area. Legend to materials location are at the end of the bibliography.

McTeer, James Edwin, Jr., 1903-1979 : A Bibliography

Prepared by the Beaufort District Collection of the Beaufort County Library a division of Beaufort County Government, Beaufort, South Carolina. (Latest update: 18 August 2011)  

These resources are available through the Beaufort District Collection of the Beaufort County Library.  Please visit your local Beaufort County Library branch or the Beaufort District Collection to view or borrow these materials.  Please note that materials available only through the Beaufort District Collection (BDC) are not available for checkout.  Legend to library branch abbreviations is at the bottom of this document.


Web based resources:

Beaufort County Library has posted a web page about Sheriff McTeer at http://www.beaufortcountylibrary.org/htdocs-sirsi/famous.htm#James%20Edwin%20McTeer.

Read the “Quintessentially Lowcountry” July 24, 2009 column on Sheriff McTeer by Patrick Donohue in the Beaufort Gazette at http://www.islandpacket.com/2009/07/24/915010/quintessentially-lowcountry-sheriff.html.

One of Sheriff McTeer’s more noteworthy cases involved the Nudist Colony on Cat Island. Read “Baring Witness: America’s First Nudist Colony had a South Carolina adress” by Lee Baxandall from Nude & Natural Magazine at http://www.scpronet.com/point/9509/s03.htmlPlease note: the article contains 3 images depicting the nudist lifestyle.

Listen to author Baynard Woods talk about his book Coffin Point on Radio Free Daufuskie at http://www.citytrex.com/rfd/baynard-woods1.php.  This interview occurred on December 7, 2010 before his BDC@ The Branches program held a few days later.  (approximately 6 minutes)

“200 Years of History: Beaufort County Sheriff’s Department,” by Neil Baxley, http://www.bcso.net/history.htm.

“Author Shares Legend of County’s Witch Doctor Sheriff,” by Justin Paprocki from the December 9, 2010 issue of the Island Packet at http://www.lowcountrynewspapers.net/archive/node/162945.

Author Baynard Woods was interviewed by Aaron Hinklin of WYPR, Baltimore on January 12, 2011.  Listen to the interview at http://tunein.com/tuner/?ProgramId=60224&TopicId=34260898&.  His interview begins at 45 minutes.

“That Old Black Magic,” by Tom Poland in Like The Dew: A Journal of Southern Culture and Politics can be read at http://likethedew.com/2010/12/05/that-old-black-magic/.

Security consultant, Sylvia Longmire, used Sheriff McTeer’s practice of ‘white magic’ to illustrate that Historically criminal organizations throughout the world have taken advantage of local folklore and religious faith in order to get a magical “edge” against their enemies.” Read her analysis of “Mexican Border violence” in 2010 at http://borderviolenceanalysis.typepad.com/mexicos_drug_war/2010/03/mexican-police-ask-spirits-to-guard-them-in-drug-war.html.

                    Come to the Beaufort District Collection to see these items:
 

  • His obituary is on file in the BDC.
  • We have a vertical file of materials about him in McTeer, James Edwin, Jr. (1903-1979).  Ask for help in the BDC.
  • The McTeer family donated three scrapbooks that Sheriff McTeer kept to the Beaufort District Collection.  Ask to see the preservation photocopies of the scrapbooks in the BDC.  [Please note:  The amount of information on voodoo is not extensive].
  • B MCTEER High Sheriff, Lowcountry Witch Doctor [DVD] by Fran Hensler (BDC)

 

Check out these materials from the Beaufort County Library: 

799 MCT Adventure in the woods and waters of the Low Country by James Edwin McTeer, Jr. (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI)  
 
975.799 MCT Beaufort, now and then by James Edwin McTeer, Jr.  (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI, STH)       
 
B MCTEER  Fifty years as a Low Country witch doctor by James Edwin McTeer, Jr.   (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI)     
 
B MCTEER High sheriff of the low country by James Edwin McTeer, Jr.  (ALL)  
 
B MCTEER High Sheriff, Lowcountry Witch Doctor [VHS]  by Fran Hensler (ALL)
 
B MCTEER  Coffin Point: The Strange Cases of Sheriff Ed McTeer by Baynard Woods (ALL)


Materials may be found at the following Beaufort County Library locations: 

Beaufort District Collection (BDC) 
Beaufort Branch Library (BEA) 
Bluffton Branch Library (BLU) 
Hilton Head Island Branch Library (HHI) 
Lobeco Branch Library (LOB) 
St. Helena Branch Library (STH) 

(ALL) = BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI, LOB and STH

                                                        

“Dr. Buzzard” (1885 – 1947) and Rootwork

Suggested resources; Latest update July 29, 2011

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The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of our area. Here are some suggestions to help you learn more about Dr. Buzzard, (aka Stepheney Robinson, Stepany Robinson, Stephney Robinson), a root doctor from St. Helena Island, SC. Latest update: July 26, 2011.

“Dr. Buzzard” (1885 – 1947) and Rootwork: A Bibliography
(
also known as Stephney Robinson, Stepany Robinson, Stepheney Robinson)

Prepared by the Beaufort District Collection of the Beaufort County Library a division of Beaufort County Government, Beaufort, South Carolina.  LEGEND to abbreviations are at the end.  Note: Lifespan of Dr. Buzzard is based on information given on his S.C. Death Certificate.

Web based resources:

“Blue Root Real Estate” by Roger Pinckney http://www.orionmagazine.org/index.php/articles/article/224/.

“Searching for Minerva,” by Rob Oldham, The South Magazine, October/November 2008 posted at http://roboldham.wordpress.com/2010/05/16/searching-for-minerva/
 

Come to the Beaufort District Collection to see these items: 

  • Dr. Buzzard [BDC Vertical File]
  • Root Doctors [BDC Vertical File]
  • McTeer, James Edwin, Jr., (1903-1979) [BDC Vertical File]
  • Gullahs–Folklore [BDC Vertical File]
  • Gullahs–Medicine [BDC Vertical File]
  • The McTeer family donated three scrapbooks that Sheriff McTeer compiled of newspaper and magazine articles about himself and rootwork to the Beaufort District Collection.  Ask to see the preservation photocopies of the scrapbooks in the BDC.  [ Please note: The amount of information on voodoo is not extensive.  The BDC does not have any of his rootwork artifacts in our holdings].
  • SC 299.6 AND  Conjure in African American Society [Microfiche] by Jeffrey E. Anderson. (BDC only)
  • SC 299.6 BEL Pattern, structure, and logic in Afro-American hoodoo performance [Microfiche] by  Michael Edward Bell. (BDC only)
  • SC 305.8961 TRO An Afrocentric analysis of the transition and transformation of African medicine (root medicine) as spiritual practice among Gullah people of Lowcountry South Carolina [Microfiche] by Wendy Carmen Trott.  (BDC only).
  • SC 398 MIT  Hoodoo medicine: Gullah Herbal Remedies by Faith Mitchell.  (BDC only).
  • SC 615.88 HEY Rootwork [Microfiche] : psychosocial aspects of malign magical and illness beliefs in a South Carolina Sea Islands community by Kathryn Wilson Heyer. 3 microfiche (BDC only)

 

Check out these materials from the Beaufort County Library: 

B MCTEER Fifty years as a Low Country witch doctor by James Edwin McTeer, Jr. (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI)     

B MCTEER High Sheriff of the Low Country by James Edwin McTeer, Jr.  (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI, LOB)  

B MCTEER High Sheriff, Lowcountry Witch Doctor [VHS] (BEA, BDC, BLU, HHI, STH)

299.675 ZEP Lowcountry Voodoo: Beginner’s Guide to Tales, Spells, and Boo Hags by Terrance Zepke (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI, LOB)

398 PIN Blue roots: African-American folk magic of the Gullah people by Roger Pinckney (BDC, BEA, BLU, HHI, LOB)

615.8896 MIT African American Folk Healing by Stephanie Y. Mitchem.  (BEA) 

975.8 BAI God, Dr. Buzzard, and the Bolito Man by Cornelia Walker Bailey with Christena Bledsoe, 2000 (BEA, HHI)  
 
 These resources are available through the Beaufort District Collection of the Beaufort County Library.  Please visit your local Beaufort County Library branch or the Beaufort District Collection to view or borrow these materials.  Please note that materials available only through the Beaufort District Collection (BDC) are not available for checkout.  

LEGEND : Materials may be found at the following Beaufort County Library locations:

Beaufort District Collection (BDC) 
Beaufort Branch Library (BEA) 
Bluffton Branch Library (BLU) 
Hilton Head Island Branch Library (HHI) 
Lobeco Branch Library (LOB) 
St. Helena Branch Library (STH)                  

Rachel C. Mather, 1823 – 1903

Suggested resources

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The purpose of the Beaufort District Collection is to acquire, preserve, maintain and make accessible a research collection of permanent value which records the history of our area. Here are some suggestions to help you understand the work of educator and missionary Rachel C. Mather. Her Mather School for Girls educated black female students from 1868 until 1968. The Technical College of the Lowcountry has occupied the site since 1968. Latest update: July 26, 2011

Rachel C. Mather: A Bibliography

  Web based resources:
“Appeal for Suffering Negroes:  Dire Distress Among the People of the Storm-Swept Coast Islands,” New York Times, March 3, 1894 PDF at
http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9D0CE3D71F31E033A25750C0A9659C94659ED7CF&oref=slogin.
 

“Sea Island Sufferers: Relief Organizations battling with starvation and exposure,” New York Times, February 18, 1894 PDF at
http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9F0CE4DB1F39E033A2575BC1A9649C94659ED7CF.

“Quintessentially Lowcountry: Educating freed slaves was the foundation of today’s Beaufort colleges,” by Kate Cerve, Island Packet, May 14, 2010 at  http://www.islandpacket.com/2010/05/14/1240519/quintessentially-lowcountry-educating.html#ixzz1TEztuxU1.

Mather School Highway Historic Marker http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=6940.

Come to the Beaufort District Collection to see these items:  

  • Her obituary is on file in the BDC.

 

  • We have materials in the vertical file labeled Schools — Mather School which contains some information about Mrs. Mather.

 

  • 975.799 MAR Lowcountry Gossip by Chlotilde R. Martin, 1930? Photocopy of newspaper article, 1 sheet. 

 

  • 551.552 MAT The storm swept coast of South Carolina by Rachel C. Mather, 1894.
  • Please note: These resources are available through the Beaufort District Collection of the Beaufort County Library and cannot be checked out.  Visit our homepage for hours of operation.
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